Phillipe Durand

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Folic acid deficiency represents a vitamin deficiency that may be due either to an inadequacy of the dietary supply or to an increased requirement. It leads to a number of abnormalities including hematological, neurological and cardiovascular disorders. In this study, we investigated whether folic acid deficiency would influence platelet and macrophage(More)
The increasing possibility that homocysteine might be involved in atherosclerosis in non-homocysteinuric subjects has required the measurement of low concentrations of this aminothiol in biological samples. The procedure described here represents an improvement of different HPLC methods. We utilized an isocratic HPLC system with fluorescence detection of(More)
In previous studies conducted in rats and in women, we have shown that oral contraceptive (OC) administration induced a platelet hyperaggregation simultaneously with an increased platelet lipid biosynthesis which might be related to lipid peroxidation. In the present study, we specifically studied the arachidonic acid and the fibrinolytic pathways in(More)
A moderate elevation of plasma homocysteine is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and arterial and veinous thrombosis. However, the mechanisms leading to vascular disorders are poorly understood because studies that have investigated the potential atherothrombogenicity of hyperhomocysteinemia in vivo are scarce. Using a rat model, we were the first to show(More)
Oxidant stress is increasingly becoming an important hypothesis to explain the genesis of several pathologies, including cancer, atherosclerosis and also ageing. Beside a few rare genetic defects, dietary factors are thought to play a key role in the regulation of the production of reactive oxygenated species. An imbalance between nutrients, and in(More)
The present report describes a simple method to selectively extract free fatty acids and analyze them by capillary gas-liquid chromatography. The procedure is based on the use of fumed silicon dioxide. In the presence of plasma, this material induces a rapid rise in the viscosity of the mixture and presents the ability to trap large particles such as(More)
Although folates are widely distributed in foods, folate deficiencies may be more frequent than expected because their true availability may be impaired due to their lability under various food cooking and processing conditions. Folate deficiency is frequently observed in elderly people, smokers, alcoholics and oral contraceptive users. It is also(More)
In previous studies conducted in female rats and in women, oral contraceptives (OC) were found to induce a platelet hyperactivity that was related to an oxidative stress. Because cases of megaloblastic anemia have been reported to occur in women taking OC, these treatments are suspected of depleting folate stores. In the study presented herein, which was(More)
Resveratrol is a trihydroxystilbene present in certain red wines. It may play a role in the inhibition of lipoprotein oxidation and platelet activity. We have developed the first method to measure resveratrol in animal and human samples and to study its incorporation in vitro. After adding epicoprostanol as an internal standard, samples are subjected to(More)