Phillip Shaffer

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Poliovirus 1 isolants were recovered from finished drinking water produced by a modern, well-operated water treatment plant. These waters contained free chlorine residuals in excess of 1 mg/liter. The chlorine inactivation of purified high-titer preparations of two such isolants was compared with the inactivation behavior of two stock strains of poliovirus(More)
The refractive index of each of the four common silicon carbide polytypes has been measured over the visible range. The data were analyzed in an attempt to relate the birefringence to the relative hexagonal character of the polytype. A general relationship exists, namely, that the birefringence increases with increasing hexagonal character of the polytype.(More)
Virus can be adsorbed from effluents of sewage treatment plants on large-surface membranes. Subsequent elution of virus requires large volumes, which in turn requires reconcentration of virus for assay. However, reconcentration of such viral eluates on small adsorbent surfaces is difficult because certain soluble sewage components are adsorbed along with(More)
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