Phillip Schoenfeld

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BACKGROUND Patients on dialysis have reduced exercise tolerance compared with age-matched sedentary controls. The reasons for this debility have not been fully elucidated, but physical inactivity could be a contributing factor. The purpose of the current study was to determine whether patients on hemodialysis are less active than healthy sedentary controls(More)
Daily measurements of nitrogen balance were made at two levels of protein intake in five patients undergoing chronic intermittent dialysis therapy. During ingestion of high (1.4 g/kg of body wt) protein intake, nitrogen balance was positive on nondialysis days and negative on dialysis days, so that cumulative balance for the week of study was not different(More)
Twenty patients who had evidence of myoglobinuria were treated with intravenous infusions of mannitol and sodium bicarbonate. Nine patients (group 1) responded with higher urine output, and continued infusion improved renal function; none required dialysis and all survived. Eleven patients (group 2) did not respond to the infusion, and required an average(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Systemic inhibition of DNA methylation causes cancers in animals, in part by inducing genetic instability. Epidemiologic evidence linking low genomic methylation in systemic blood DNA to carcinogenesis is limited, however, specifically to the colorectum, in which genetic instability is a primary etiologic factor. We examined genomic(More)
A spectrum of renal abnormalities has been described in patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with or without signs of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). In particular, attention has been focused on a nephropathy characterized clinically by nephrotic proteinuria and rapidly advancing renal insufficiency, and(More)
A survey of consultations to the Division of Nephrology at San Francisco General Hospital from 1982 to 1988 found only seven cases of proven or possible renal disease matching that described for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated nephropathy (nephrotic proteinuria, rapidly progressive renal insufficiency, and focal and segmental(More)
BACKGROUND Cidofovir is an antiviral agent used for the treatment of cytomegalovirus infection in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. Because cidofovir is primarily eliminated by the kidneys and because its main adverse effect is nephrotoxicity, an understanding of the pharmacokinetic disposition of cidofovir in patients with renal(More)
Vancomycin is a useful antimicrobial agent in patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis treatment; its efficacy in chronic peritoneal dialysis (CPD) has not been established. Serum (VS) and peritoneal fluid (VPF) vancomycin concentrations were measured in two CPD patients with staphylococcal peritonitis. Half-life of VS agreed with the half-life of VPF in(More)
While the use of magnesium-containing compounds is usually contraindicated in dialysis patients, the risk of toxicity from hypermagnesemia can be reduced by lowering the magnesium concentration in dialysate. We examined the effects of a magnesium-free dialysate on both serum magnesium level and the peritoneal removal rate of magnesium over 12 weeks in 25(More)