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Human mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells (MSCs) have been identified in adult bone marrow, but little is known about their presence during fetal life. MSCs were isolated and characterized in first-trimester fetal blood, liver, and bone marrow. When 10(6) fetal blood nucleated cells (median gestational age, 10(+2) weeks [10 weeks, 2 days]) were cultured in(More)
Human labour is associated with increased prostaglandin synthesis within the uterus. The aim of this study was to examine the expression of the two isoforms of the central prostaglandin synthetic enzyme, cyclo-oxygenase (COX-1 and COX-2) in human myometrium throughout pregnancy and to test the hypothesis that COX in the myometrium may play a role in labour(More)
Human labour is associated with the up-regulation of prostaglandins within the uterus, synthesized via the type-2 cyclo-oxygenase enzyme (COX-2). These lead to remodelling of the fetal membranes and cervix and to stimulation of myometrial contractions. In the human, the principal source of prostaglandins is the amnion. Progesterone acts to promote(More)
BACKGROUND An RhD-negative woman whose partner is heterozygous may have preexisting anti-RhD antibodies that may or may not affect a subsequent fetus, depending on whether it is heterozygous. A safe method of determining fetal RhD type early in pregnancy would eliminate the risks to an RhD-negative fetus of fetal-blood sampling or serial amniocenteses. (More)
Human amnion cells were transfected with progesterone receptor A and/or B, and the progesterone-dependent reporter construct, mouse mammary tumor virus promoter (MMTV), linked to a luciferase gene. In progesterone receptor B-expressing amnion that had been cultured before the onset of labour, treatment with progesterone resulted in an eightfold increase of(More)
Infection and uterine stretch are the common causes of preterm labor. IL-1beta plays a key role in infection-induced preterm labor and increases prostaglandin H synthase 2 (PGHS-2) and IL-8 expression. We have shown that mechanical stretch of uterine myocytes in vitro up-regulates the expression of PGHS-2 and IL-8. In this study, we tested the hypotheses(More)
Pregnancy is a unique immunological state in which a balance of immune tolerance and suppression is needed to protect the fetus without compromising the mother. It has long been established that a bias from the T helper 1 cytokine profile towards the T helper 2 profile contributes towards successful pregnancy maintenance. The majority of publications that(More)
Down syndrome (DS) children have a high frequency of acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) in early childhood. At least 2 in utero genetic events are required, although not sufficient, for DS-AMKL: trisomy 21 (T21) and N-terminal-truncating GATA1 mutations. To investigate the role of T21 in DS-AMKL, we compared second trimester hemopoiesis in DS without(More)
The yolk sac and aorto-gonad-mesonephros region are well recognized as the principal sites of hematopoiesis in the developing embryo, and the liver is the principal site of hematopoiesis in the fetus. However, little is known about circulating hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in early fetal life. We investigated the number and characteristics of(More)
Intrauterine infection is a common trigger for preterm birth and is also a risk factor for the subsequent development of neurodevelopmental abnormalities in the neonate. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) binds to toll-like receptor-4 (TLR-4) to activate proinflammatory signaling pathways, which are implicated in both preterm delivery and antenatal brain(More)