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BACKGROUND The natural course of adult hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related membranous nephropathy in areas where HBV infection is endemic (characterized by vertical and horizontal transmission of HBV in early childhood) has not been fully defined. METHODS We evaluated the clinical features, pathological findings, serologic profiles, therapeutic responses, and(More)
Fungal peritonitis causes significant morbidity and mortality for patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). We retrospectively reviewed 70 episodes of fungal peritonitis in a single center over the last 9 years in 896 CAPD patients. Seventy percent of the episodes of fungal peritonitis were caused by Candida species, among which(More)
Dialysis adequacy has a major impact on the outcome of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) patients. However, most studies on peritoneal dialysis adequacy have focused on patients with significant residual renal function. The present study examined the effect of dialysis adequacy on anuric CAPD patients. A single-center prospective(More)
PURPOSE To determine the natural history of immunoglobulin (Ig) A nephropathy among patients who presented with hematuria and minimal proteinuria, and factors associated with the development of adverse clinical events, such as proteinuria. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In Hong Kong, all patients who present with isolated hematuria are referred for renal biopsy(More)
BACKGROUND In continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), the impact of dialysis adequacy on patient outcome is well established in Caucasian patients but is less clear in Asian patients. Recent evidence suggests that Asian dialysis patients enjoy better overall survival. We hypothesize that dialysis adequacy may be less important in determining(More)
This prognostic study of primary immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy focused on chronic irreversible glomerular sclerosis and interstitial fibrosis, based on the premise that this disease is characterized by a protracted and, for many, progressive course. We used a chronicity-based histological grading system to assess the biopsy specimens of 126 adults with(More)
Patients undergoing dialysis are subject to risk of thrombotic complications. We studied the plasma levels of natural coagulation inhibitors including protein C (PC), protein S (PS), and antithrombin III (AT III) in 20 patients on hemodialysis and 20 patients on continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Total PS antigen, free PS antigen,(More)
OBJECTIVE Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the aberrant activation of T lymphocytes. Since T-bet and GATA-3 are the principal transcription factors for the differentiation of type-1 and type-2 helper T lymphocytes, respectively, we studied their mRNA expression in the urinary sediment of SLE patients and compared this with their(More)
BACKGROUND Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the aberrant activation of T-lymphocytes. Since T-bet is the principal transcription factor for the differentiation of type-1 helper T-lymphocyte, we study the impact of urinary T-bet mRNA expression in clinically quiescent SLE patients on the risk of subsequent disease flare. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) is a key regulator of fibrinolytic pathway and extracellular matrix (ECM) turnover. Because diabetic nephropathy is characterized by the presence of basement membrane thickening and mesangial expansion, we examined the role of PAI-1 gene polymorphisms in the development of type 2 diabetic nephropathy.(More)