Phillip L Thornton

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Cognitive impairment is a major feature of Alzheimer's disease and is accompanied by beta-amyloid (Abeta) deposition. Transgenic animal models that overexpress Abeta exhibit learning and memory impairments, but neuronal degeneration is not a consistent characteristic. We report that levels of Abeta-(1-42), which do not compromise the survival of cortical(More)
The accumulation of beta-amyloid (Abeta) is one of the etiological factors in Alzheimer's disease (AD). It has been assumed that the underlying mechanism involves a critical role of Abeta-induced neurodegeneration. However, low levels of Abeta, such as will accumulate during the course of the disease, may interfere with neuronal function via mechanisms(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors have been reported to have an important role in synaptic plasticity and neurodegeneration. Two major subtypes of these receptors, NMDAR1 and NMDAR2, are present in brain and heterogeneity of these receptors have been reported to define specific functional responses. In this study, the effects of age and chronic(More)
Ageing in mammals is characterized by a decline in plasma levels of insulin-like growth factor-1 that appears to contribute to both structural and functional changes in a number of tissues. Although insulin-like growth factor-1 has been shown to provide trophic support for neurons and administration of insulin-like growth factor-1 to ageing animals reverses(More)
The Alzheimer disease-associated beta-amyloid peptide has been shown to induce apoptotic neuronal death. In the present study, we test the hypothesis that the apoptotic pathway activated by beta-amyloid is similar to the pathway activated by the Fas/TNFR family of death receptors, which requires caspase-8 activity and adaptor proteins such as FADD. We(More)
Research studies clearly indicate that age-related changes in cellular and tissue function are linked to decreases in the anabolic hormones, growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1. Although there has been extensive research on the effects of these hormones on bone and muscle mass, their effect on cerebrovascular and brain ageing has received(More)
The present study was designed to assess the impact of moderate caloric restriction (60% of ad libitum fed animals) on cerebral vascular density and local cerebral blood flow. Vascular density was assessed in male Brown-Norway rats from 7-35 months of age using a cranial window technique. Arteriolar density, arteriole-arteriole anastomoses, and venular(More)
1. Normal aging is thought to proceed through two stages: initiation and propagation. Each of these phases is associated with different neuroanatomical events, vulnerabilities to injury and responsiveness to interventions. 2. The role of beta-amyloid (Abeta) in neuron dysfunction in the initiation stage may be mediated through alterations in signal(More)
Moderate caloric restriction (60% of ad libitum intake) is an important model to investigate potential mechanisms of biological aging. This regimen has been reported to decrease the number of pathologies and increase life span in all species tested to date. Although moderate caloric restriction induces a wide range of physiological changes within the(More)
Diuretic use and overactive bladder syndrome are common in older adults. However, the relationship between the two has not been well studied. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires including the Urge Urinary Distress Inventory (Urge-UDI) and the Urge Incontinence Impact Questionnaire (Urge-IIQ), and by outpatient chart abstraction. Patients(More)