Phillip L. Roll

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Right-handed subjects were presented with a dichotic tonal sequence, whose basic pattern consisted of three 800-Hz tones followed by two 400-Hz tones on the channel and simultaneously three 400-Hz tones followed by two 800-Hz tones on the other. All tones were 250 msec in duration and separated by 250-msec pauses. On any given stimulus presentation, most(More)
The 5s made delayed pitch comparisons when the tones to be compared were accompanied by tones of lower pitch. The pitches of these accompanying tones were so chosen that in some conditions the intervals formed by the standard and comparison combinations were identical, and in others they differed. This was true both when the standard and comparison tone(More)
When certain nutrients are injected into the stomachs of rats that are drinking one of two samples of nonnutrient, flavored water, the rats will (within a 10-minute session) choose the flavor paired with the nutrient. Such rewarding effects have obtained with predigested milk but not with similarly treated glucose or fresh milk. The results suggest the(More)
Paired-pulse stimulation methods have been used in many studies to measure the excitability properties of the directly stimulated neurons mediating stimulation-elicited behaviors. In this article those methods are evaluated quantitatively. The most frequently used method, in which rate of behavior is measured as a function of conditioning-test (C-T)(More)
Evidence is presented that learned safety increases the rat's willingness to drink ethanol; induction of tolerance to ethanol following learned safety training produces a further increase. Rats with chronically implanted intragastric fistulae consumed substantially more (30%) alcohol when aversive post-ingestional effects were minimized by draining stomach(More)
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