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OBJECTIVE Progressive fibrosis in the diabetic kidney is driven and sustained by a diverse range of profibrotic factors. This study examines the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of the key fibrotic mediators, TGF-β1 and TGF-β2. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Rat proximal-tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E) were treated with TGF-β1 and(More)
T here remains a critical need to better understand the underlying disease mechanisms responsible for diabetes complications in order to develop new and improved therapeutic strategies for these chronic conditions. These complications are broadly classified as microvascular, including neuropathy, nephrop-athy, and retinopathy, or macrovascular, including(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) are emerging as prominent players in the regulation of many biological processes, including myogenic commitment and skeletal muscle formation. Members of the TGF-β family can influence the proliferation and myogenic differentiation of cells, although it is presently not clear what role miRNAs play in the TGF-β-mediated control of myogenic(More)
IGFs are important mediators of growth. IGF binding proteins (IGFBPs) 1-6 regulate IGF actions and have IGF-independent actions. The C-terminal domains of IGFBPs contribute to high-affinity IGF binding and modulation of IGF actions and confer some IGF-independent properties, but understanding how they achieve this has been constrained by the lack of a(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Several factors are now known to contribute to the development and progression of nephropathy, particularly in diabetes. In recent times, there has been surge of interest in the role of small noncoding RNA, with several reports focusing on the effects of microRNAs on their target genes that are of relevance to nephropathy. This review(More)
Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of tubular cells contributes to the renal accumulation of matrix protein that is associated with diabetic nephropathy. Both TGF-beta1 and advanced glycation end products (AGE) are able to induce EMT in cell culture. This study examined the role of the prosclerotic growth factor connective tissue growth factor(More)
Synthesis and deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the glomerulus and interstitium characterizes renal fibrosis, but the mechanisms underlying this process are incompletely understood. The profibrotic cytokine TGF-β1 modulates the expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs), suggesting that miRNAs may have a role in the pathogenesis of renal(More)
It is clear that the well-described phenomenon of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in embryonic development, wound healing, tissue regeneration, organ fibrosis and cancer progression. EMTs have been classified into three subtypes based on the functional consequences and biomarker context in which they are encountered. This review(More)
Tubular dysfunction is an important early manifestation of diabetic nephropathy. Reduced renal expression of organic cation transporters (OCTs) potentially contributes to impaired cation clearance in diabetes. This study examines the role of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in mediating these changes. Experimental diabetes was induced with(More)
BACKGROUND The renal clearance of organic cations is important for the homeostasis of a number of exogenous and endogenous compounds. The organic cation transporters (OCTs) situated on the basolateral surface of proximal tubular cells mediate active cation excretion. Alterations of cation transport may occur in diabetes, although the role of the OCTs has(More)