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OBJECTIVE Progressive fibrosis in the diabetic kidney is driven and sustained by a diverse range of profibrotic factors. This study examines the critical role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in the regulation of the key fibrotic mediators, TGF-β1 and TGF-β2. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Rat proximal-tubular epithelial cells (NRK52E) were treated with TGF-β1 and(More)
T here remains a critical need to better understand the underlying disease mechanisms responsible for diabetes complications in order to develop new and improved therapeutic strategies for these chronic conditions. These complications are broadly classified as microvascular, including neuropathy, nephrop-athy, and retinopathy, or macrovascular, including(More)
It is clear that the well-described phenomenon of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a pivotal role in embryonic development, wound healing, tissue regeneration, organ fibrosis and cancer progression. EMTs have been classified into three subtypes based on the functional consequences and biomarker context in which they are encountered. This review(More)
OBJECTIVE Increased deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) within the kidney is driven by profibrotic mediators including transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and connective tissue growth factor (CTGF). We investigated whether some of their effects may be mediated through changes in expression of certain microRNAs (miRNAs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Overexpression of the human multidrug resistance gene 1 (MDR1) is a negative prognostic factor in leukemia. Despite intense efforts to characterize the gene at the molecular level, little is known about the genetic events that switch on gene expression in P-glycoprotein-negative cells. Recent studies have shown that the transcriptional competence of MDR1 is(More)
One of the most important forms of drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia is the multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype, which is characterized by the expression of the MDR1 gene product, P-glycoprotein. Although a number of factors affect MDR1 gene expression, the genetic events that "switch on" the human MDR1 gene in tumor cells that were previously(More)
Supplementary Figure 1: Relative expression levels of miR-192 and miR-215 in proximal tubular cells (NRK52E), mouse primary mesangial cells (MCs) and conditionally immortalised human podocytes. The level of miR-192 shown in each case is relative to miR-215 which has been arbitrarily assigned a value of 1. Supplementary Figure 2: Relative expression levels(More)
1 OBJECTIVE—Diabetic nephropathy is associated with dediffer-entiation of podocytes, losing the specialized features required for efficient glomerular function and acquiring a number of profibrotic, proinflammatory, and proliferative features. These result from tight junction and cytoskeletal rearrangement, augmented proliferation, and apoptosis. RESEARCH(More)
Tubular dysfunction is an important early manifestation of diabetic nephropathy. Reduced renal expression of organic cation transporters (OCTs) potentially contributes to impaired cation clearance in diabetes. This study examines the role of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in mediating these changes. Experimental diabetes was induced with(More)
The effects of 4-demethoxydaunorubicin (idarubicin, IDA) and MX2, a new morpholino-anthracycline, on up-regulation of the MDR1 gene in the low-level multidrug resistant (MDR) cell line CEM/A7R were compared at similar concentrations (IC10, IC50 and IC90) over a short time exposure (4 and 24 h). The chemosensitivity of each drug was determined by a 3-day(More)