Phillip K Howard

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A 2.2-kb region of DNA containing the birA gene of Escherichia coli has been sequenced. The birA gene sequence predicts a 35.3-kDal [321 amino acids (aa)] bifunctional protein containing biotin-operon-repressor and biotin-holoenzyme-synthetase activities. Mutations, generated by random insertion of XhoI linkers, defined the extent of the gene. Mutations(More)
The negative regulation of the biotin biosynthetic (bio) operon in Escherichia coli is mediated by the bifunctional birA gene product, which serves as the bio repressor and biotin-activating enzyme. Nucleotide sequence analysis of 18 mutations in the birA gene was employed to study the DNA-binding and enzymatic functions of the BirA protein. The results(More)
The nucleotide sequence of the biotin (bio) biosynthetic operon of Escherichia coli has been determined. The 5.8-kilobase region contains the five biotin operon genes, bioA, B, F, C, and D. and an open reading frame of unknown function. The operon is negatively regulated and divergently transcribed from a control region between the bioA and bioB genes. The(More)
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