Phillip J. Schulte

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BACKGROUND The extent to which change in physical activity can modify the risk of cardiovascular disease in individuals at high cardiovascular risk is uncertain. We investigated whether baseline and change in objectively-assessed ambulatory activity is associated with the risk of a cardiovascular event in individuals at high cardiovascular risk with(More)
Furosemide is the most commonly used loop diuretic in patients with heart failure (HF) despite data suggesting potential pharmacologic and antifibrotic benefits with torsemide. We investigated patients with HF in Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure who were discharged on either torsemide or furosemide. Using(More)
BACKGROUND While extracardiac vascular disease (ECVD), defined as a history of peripheral vascular disease (PVD) or cerebrovascular disease (CBVD), is common in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, there are limited data available on the association between ECVD, vein graft failure (VGF), and clinical outcomes. METHODS Using(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics, exercise training response, β-blocker selectivity, and outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS We performed an analysis of HF-ACTION, which randomized 2,331 patients with HF having an ejection fraction of ≤35% to(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) is a key endpoint in randomized controlled trials (RCTs), but heterogeneous definitions limit comparisons across RCTs or meta-analyses. The 2000 European Society of Cardiology/American College of Cardiology MI redefinition and the 2007 universal MI definition consensus documents made recommendations to address this issue. In(More)
BACKGROUND Outcomes associated with episodes of hypotension while hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure are not well understood. METHODS AND RESULTS Using data from Acute Study of Clinical Effectiveness of Nesiritide in Decompensated Heart Failure (ASCEND-HF), we assessed factors associated with in-hospital hypotension and subsequent 30-day(More)
BACKGROUND Apixaban is approved for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. However, the Apixaban for Reduction in Stroke and Other Thromboembolic Events in Atrial Fibrillation (ARISTOTLE) trial included a substantial number of patients with valvular heart disease and only excluded patients with(More)
IMPORTANCE Little information exists about the anatomical characteristics and clinical relevance of non-infarct-related artery (IRA) disease among patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). OBJECTIVES To investigate the incidence, extent, and location of obstructive non-IRA disease and compare 30-day mortality according to the(More)
BACKGROUND Diuretic unresponsiveness often occurs during hospital admission for acute heart failure (AHF) and is associated with adverse outcome. This study aims to investigate determinants, clinical outcome, and the effects of nesiritide on diuretic response early after admission for AHF. METHODS Diuretic response, defined as weight loss per 40 mg of(More)
AIMS Studies have suggested increased cancer incidence associated with long-term dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We evaluated cancer incidence and treatment-related differences in an analysis of DAPT for ACS. METHODS AND RESULTS The Targeted Platelet Inhibition to Clarify the Optimal Strategy to Medically Manage Acute(More)