Phillip J. Marty

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Few studies have examined paternal involvement in relation to feto-infant health; therefore we aim to assess the impact of absence of the father on birth outcomes among racial-ethnic subgroups. Florida vital statistics records for singleton births occurring between 1998 and 2005 were used for this study. Births to women less than 20 years of age and births(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the association between obesity subtypes and risk of early and late pre-eclampsia. DESIGN Population-based retrospective study. SETTING State of Missouri maternally linked birth cohort files. POPULATION All singleton live births in the state of Missouri from 1989 to 2005. METHODS The body mass index (BMI) was used to classify(More)
We sought to assess the contribution of paternal involvement to racial disparities in infant mortality. Using vital records data from singleton births in Florida between 1998 and 2005, we generated odds ratios (OR), 95% confidence intervals (CI), and preventative fractions to assess the association between paternal involvement and infant mortality. Paternal(More)
Cigarette smoking is an established risk factor for adverse perinatal outcomes. The purpose of this study is to examine the association between maternal smoking in pregnancy and the occurrence of placental-associated syndromes (PAS). We analyzed data from a population-based retrospective cohort of singleton deliveries that occurred in the state of Missouri(More)
OBJECTIVE We examined the association between recurrent versus isolated pre-eclampsia and feto-infant morbidity outcomes. STUDY DESIGN This is a population-based retrospective study on Florida hospital discharge data linked to the birth cohort files from 1998 through 2007. The study population comprised women with singleton first and second births who(More)
This demonstration project used student nurses (n = 12) on community deployment to provide health instruction among rural school-age populations in Zimbabwe. A quasi-experimental (pre- and post-test), non-equivalent control group design was used and consisted of 141 school pupils in the intervention group and 144 pupils in the comparison group (N = 285).(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous barriers and challenges can hinder the successful enrollment and retention of study participants in clinical trials targeting minority populations. To conduct quality research, it is important to investigate these challenges, determine appropriate strategies that are evidence-based and continue seeking methods of improvement. METHODS(More)
Lack of paternal involvement during pregnancy and infancy may account for a significant burden of the adverse pregnancy outcomes among black women and could therefore, represent an important avenue providing the opportunity to improve feto-infant health and survival. This study aimed to review the literature on paternal involvement during the perinatal(More)
Frequency of symptoms of depression and selected health-related practices and events were measured in a sample of 219 high school students. Students reported numerous symptoms of depression. Relative proportions of boys and girls reporting symptoms of depression were not significantly different. However, girls reported experiencing more severe depression(More)
We examined whether the risk of preterm birth and its subtypes (medically indicated and spontaneous preterm) are influenced by changes in prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) between the first and second pregnancies. A population-based, retrospective cohort analysis was performed using the Missouri (1978 to 2005) longitudinally linked cohort data sets. Women(More)