Phillip J Hogg

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BACKGROUND In semen, prostate-specific antigen (PSA or hK3) digests the gel proteins semenogelin I and II, resulting in liquefaction and the release of motile spermatozoa. We characterized the substrate specificity and zinc-mediated inhibition of PSA. METHODS The proteolysis of human semenogelin I (SgI) and II (SgII) by PSA was characterized by(More)
The generation of an "angiogenic switch" is essential for tumor growth, yet its regulation is poorly understood. In this investigation, we explored the linkage between metastasis and angiogenesis through CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling. We found that CXCR4 regulates the expression and secretion of the glycolytic enzyme phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1).(More)
Prostate cancer (PCa) is one of the solid tumors that metastasize to the bone. Once there, the phenotype of the bone lesions is dependent upon the balance between osteoblastogenesis and osteoclastogenesis. We previously reported that overexpression of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) in PCa cell lines enhanced bone formation at the metastatic site in vivo.(More)
Plasminogen has been implicated in extracellular matrix degradation by invading cells, but few high affinity cell surface receptors for the molecule have been identified. Previous studies have reported that the plasma protein, histidine-rich glycoprotein (HRG), interacts with plasminogen and cell surfaces, raising the possibility that HRG may immobilize(More)
l-Xylulose reductase (XR) is involved in water re-absorption and cellular osmoregulation. The crystal structure of human XR complemented with site-directed mutagenesis (Cys138Ala) indicated that the disulfide bond in the active site between Cys138 and Cys150 is unstable and may affect the reactivity of the enzyme. The effects of reducing agents on the(More)
Deregulated metabolism is gaining recognition as a hallmark of cancer cells, and is being explored for therapeutic potential. The Warburg effect is a metabolic phenotype that occurs in 90% of tumors, where glycolysis is favored despite the presence of oxygen. Dichloroacetate (DCA) is a pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) inhibitor that can reverse the(More)