Many biological processes generate force, and proteins have evolved to resist and respond to tension along different force axes. Single-molecule force spectroscopy allows for molecular insight into the behavior of proteins under force and the mechanism of protein folding in general. Here, we have used src SH3 to investigate the effect of different pulling… (More)
Recently, the role of force in cellular processes has become more evident, and now with advances in force spectroscopy, the response of proteins to force can be directly studied. Such studies have found that native proteins are brittle, and thus not very deformable. Here, we examine the mechanical properties of a class of intermediates referred to as the… (More)
Extracting kinetic models from single molecule data is an important route to mechanistic insight in biophysics, chemistry, and biology. Data collected from force spectroscopy can probe discrete hops of a single molecule between different conformational states. Model extraction from such data is a challenging inverse problem because single molecule data are… (More)
Single-molecule force spectroscopy has proven to be a powerful tool for studying the kinetic behavior of biomolecules. Through application of an external force, conformational states with small or transient populations can be stabilized, allowing them to be characterized and the statistics of individual trajectories studied to provide insight into… (More)
16 While seemingly straightforward in principle, the reliable estimation of rate constants is seldom easy in practice. Numerous issues, such as the complication of poor reaction coordinates, cause obvious approaches to yield unreliable estimates. When a reliable order parameter is available, the reactive flux theory of Chandler allows the rate constant to… (More)
Monobromobimane (MBB) is a lipophilic reagent that selectively modifies free cysteine residues in proteins. Because of its lipophilic character, MBB is capable of labeling cysteine residues in membrane proteins under native conditions. Reaction of MBB with the sulfhydryl groups of free cysteines leads to formation of highly fluorescent derivatives. Here we… (More)
Copyright: © 2015 Hsiau et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Our ability to engineer organisms with new biosynthetic pathways and genetic circuits is limited by the availability of protein characterization data and the cost of synthetic DNA. With new tools for reading and writing DNA, there are opportunities for scalable assays that more efficiently and cost effectively mine for biochemical protein characteristics.… (More)