Phillip J. Elms

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The replication-dependent histone mRNAs, the only eukaryotic mRNAs that do not have poly(A) tails, are present only in S-phase cells. Coordinate posttranscriptional regulation of histone mRNAs is mediated by the stem-loop at the 3' end of histone mRNAs. The protein that binds the 3' end of histone mRNA, stem-loop binding protein (SLBP), is required for(More)
Many biological processes generate force, and proteins have evolved to resist and respond to tension along different force axes. Single-molecule force spectroscopy allows for molecular insight into the behavior of proteins under force and the mechanism of protein folding in general. Here, we have used src SH3 to investigate the effect of different pulling(More)
Recently, the role of force in cellular processes has become more evident, and now with advances in force spectroscopy, the response of proteins to force can be directly studied. Such studies have found that native proteins are brittle, and thus not very deformable. Here, we examine the mechanical properties of a class of intermediates referred to as the(More)
VALIDATION The confidence interval comparison figure referred to in the main body text appears as Supplementary Figure 1. In the reverse recursion for updating the hidden state sequence in sampling from the BHMM posterior by Gibbs sampling , we sample a state sequence by sampling each hidden state from the conditional distribution st ∼ P (st | st+1,. .. ,(More)
Single-molecule force spectroscopy has provided important insights into the properties and mechanisms of biological molecules and systems. A common experiment is to measure the force dependence of conformational changes at equilibrium. Here, we demonstrate that the commonly used technique of force feedback has severe limitations when used to evaluate rapid(More)
Monobromobimane (MBB) is a lipophilic reagent that selectively modifies free cysteine residues in proteins. Because of its lipophilic character, MBB is capable of labeling cysteine residues in membrane proteins under native conditions. Reaction of MBB with the sulfhydryl groups of free cysteines leads to formation of highly fluorescent derivatives. Here we(More)
Extracting kinetic models from single molecule data is an important route to mechanistic insight in biophysics, chemistry, and biology. Data collected from force spectroscopy can probe discrete hops of a single molecule between different conformational states. Model extraction from such data is a challenging inverse problem because single molecule data are(More)
Protein chip technology permits analysis of the expression and modification status of numerous targeted proteins within a single experiment, mainly through the use of antibody-based microarrays. Despite recent improvements in these protein chips, their applications are still limited for a variety of reasons, which include technical challenges in fabrication(More)
16 While seemingly straightforward in principle, the reliable estimation of rate constants is seldom easy in practice. Numerous issues, such as the complication of poor reaction coordinates, cause obvious approaches to yield unreliable estimates. When a reliable order parameter is available, the reactive flux theory of Chandler allows the rate constant to(More)