Phillip G P Andrews

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The development of novel therapeutic strategies for breast cancer requires the identification of molecular targets involved in malignancy. Human Pygopus (Pygo)-1 and -2 are recently discovered components of the Wnt signaling pathway required for beta-Catenin/Tcf dependent transcription in embryos and colorectal cancer cells, but the role of these proteins(More)
Increased protein synthesis during cell proliferation is accompanied by a compensatory increase in efficient ribosome production, but the mechanisms by which cells adapt to this requirement are not fully understood. In the present study, we demonstrate evidence that Pygo (Pygopus), a protein originally identified as a core component of the Wnt-β-catenin(More)
PURPOSE The Pygopus proteins are critical elements of the canonical Wnt/beta-catenin transcriptional complex. In epithelial ovarian cancer, constitutively active Wnt signaling is restricted to one (endometrioid) tumor subtype. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of expression and growth requirements of human Pygopus2 (hPygo2) protein in(More)
Pygopus is a core component of the beta-catenin/TCF (T-cell factor) transcriptional activation complex required for the expression of canonical Wnt target genes. Recent evidence suggests that Pygopus could interpret histone methylation associated with target genes and it was shown to be required for histone acetylation. The involvement of a specific(More)
Pygopus is a component of the T-cell factor/beta-catenin transcriptional complex essential for activation of Wnt target genes and is also required for cell regulation in the absence of Wnt signaling. Human Pygopus2 (hPygo2) is overexpressed in a high proportion of breast and epithelial ovarian malignant tumors and is required for the growth of several cell(More)
The human papillomavirus (HPV) is the etiologic agent of cervical cancer. In this study, we provide evidence for the human Pygopus (hPygo)2 gene as a cellular biomarker for HPV-related disease. In a tumor microarray of cervical cancer progression, hPygo2 levels were greater in high-grade lesions and squamous cell carcinomas than in normal epithelia.(More)
The Wnt/beta-catenin transcriptional activation complex requires the adapter protein Pygopus (Pygo), which links the basal transcription machinery to beta-catenin, by its association with legless (Lgs)/ B-cell lymphoma-9 (Bcl9). Pygo was shown to be required for development in vertebrates, but the role of Lgs/Bcl9 is unknown. We identified an amphibian(More)
The Xenopus egg has a yolk-laden vegetal hemisphere juxtaposed to a darkly pigmented animal hemisphere. Mesoderm is derived from the marginal zone, located at the interface between the two hemispheres. The vegetal-most cells become endoderm and release TGF-beta-related factors, including the Xenopus Nodal related (Xnr) proteins, which diffuse to induce the(More)
AIMS Prostate cancer (PrCa) is the most frequently diagnosed non-cutaneous cancer in men. Without clear pathological indicators of disease trajectory at diagnosis, management of PrCa is challenging, given its wide-ranging manifestation from indolent to highly aggressive disease. This study examines the role in PrCa of the Pygopus (PYGO)2 chromatin effector(More)
Pygopus 2 (Pygo2) is a chromatin effector that plays an essential role in canonical Wnt signaling associated with development and stem cell growth. Its function is to facilitate histone acetylation by recruitment of histone acetyltransferases (HATs) at active sites of β-catenin-mediated transcription. In the present study, we report that Pygo2 itself is(More)