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Endothelial cells release several compounds, including prostacyclin, NO, and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), that mediate the vascular effects of vasoactive hormones. The identity of EDHF remains unknown. Since arachidonic acid causes endothelium-dependent relaxations of coronary arteries through its metabolism to epoxyeicosatrienoic(More)
Atherosclerosis remains a major cause of death in the developed world despite the success of therapies that lower cholesterol and BP. The intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel KCa3.1 is expressed in multiple cell types implicated in atherogenesis, and pharmacological blockade of this channel inhibits VSMC and lymphocyte activation in(More)
Restenosis resulting from neointimal hyperplasia (NH) limits the effectiveness of intravascular stents. Rates of restenosis vary with stent geometry, but whether stents affect spatial and temporal distributions of wall shear stress (WSS) in vivo is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that alterations in spatial WSS after stent implantation predict sites of NH(More)
BACKGROUND The anesthetic noble gas, xenon, produces cardioprotection. We hypothesized that other noble gases without anesthetic properties [helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar)] also produce cardioprotection, and further hypothesized that this beneficial effect is mediated by activation of prosurvival signaling kinases [including(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels represent an important dilator influence in the cerebral circulation, but the composition of these tetrameric ion channels remains unclear. The goals of the present study were to evaluate the contribution of KV1 family channels to the resting membrane potential and diameter of small rat cerebral arteries, and to(More)
Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) is released in response to agonists such as ACh and bradykinin and regulates vascular smooth muscle tone. Several studies have indicated that ouabain blocks agonist-induced, endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization of smooth muscle. We have demonstrated that epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), cytochrome P-450(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The volatile anaesthetic isoflurane protects the heart from ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury when applied at the onset of reperfusion [anaesthetic postconditioning (APoC)]. However, the mechanism of APoC-mediated protection is unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of APoC on mitochondrial bioenergetics, mitochondrial(More)
Nitric oxide is an important messenger in numerous biological processes, such as angiogenesis, hypoxic vasodilation, and cardioprotection. Although nitric oxide synthases (NOS) produce the bulk of NO, there is increasing interest in NOS independent generation of NO in vivo, particularly during hypoxia or anoxia, where low oxygen tensions limit NOS activity.(More)
Neutrophils respond to ischemic injury by infiltrating the myocardium via the vascular wall. During this process, neutrophils are activated and release inflammatory mediators. Some of these mediators are metabolites of arachidonic acid. We have reported that neutrophils metabolize arachidonic acid to 20-HETE, a cytochrome P450 metabolite. We investigated(More)
Bovine coronary arteries relax in response to bradykinin, methacholine, sodium nitroprusside, isoproterenol, and arachidonic acid in a concentration-dependent manner. The relaxations to methacholine, bradykinin, and arachidonic acid are lost when endothelium is removed. Indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase inhibitor, attenuated the relaxations to methacholine,(More)