Phillip F. Pratt

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Endothelial cells release several compounds, including prostacyclin, NO, and endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF), that mediate the vascular effects of vasoactive hormones. The identity of EDHF remains unknown. Since arachidonic acid causes endothelium-dependent relaxations of coronary arteries through its metabolism to epoxyeicosatrienoic(More)
Stimulation of the delta(1)-opioid receptor has been shown to trigger ischemic preconditioning (IPC). Additionally, myocardial ischemia/reperfusion induces the activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK). Therefore, we examined the role of ERK in acute cardioprotection induced by delta(1)-opioid receptor stimulation or IPC. Infarct size (IS)(More)
Atherosclerosis remains a major cause of death in the developed world despite the success of therapies that lower cholesterol and BP. The intermediate-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel KCa3.1 is expressed in multiple cell types implicated in atherogenesis, and pharmacological blockade of this channel inhibits VSMC and lymphocyte activation in(More)
BACKGROUND The anesthetic noble gas, xenon, produces cardioprotection. We hypothesized that other noble gases without anesthetic properties [helium (He), neon (Ne), argon (Ar)] also produce cardioprotection, and further hypothesized that this beneficial effect is mediated by activation of prosurvival signaling kinases [including(More)
Restenosis resulting from neointimal hyperplasia (NH) limits the effectiveness of intravascular stents. Rates of restenosis vary with stent geometry, but whether stents affect spatial and temporal distributions of wall shear stress (WSS) in vivo is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that alterations in spatial WSS after stent implantation predict sites of NH(More)
An endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF) mediates a part of the vasodilatory action of bradykinin. A bioassay method was developed to investigate the properties of EDHF on bovine coronary arterial smooth muscle cells. Cannulated bovine coronary arteries with an intact endothelium that were treated with indomethacin and NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The volatile anaesthetic isoflurane protects the heart from ischaemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury when applied at the onset of reperfusion [anaesthetic postconditioning (APoC)]. However, the mechanism of APoC-mediated protection is unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of APoC on mitochondrial bioenergetics, mitochondrial(More)
INTRODUCTION Female gender confers cardioprotection against ischemia-reperfusion injury, in part because estrogen enhances nitric oxide production by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS). Whether ischemic preconditioning occurs in females remains controversial. Delayed myocardial preconditioning by isoflurane is mediated by eNOS in male rabbits, but(More)
It has been reported that the endogenous cannabinoid N-arachidonylethanolamide (AEA), commonly referred to as anandamide, has the characteristics of an endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor in rat mesenteric artery. We have carried out studies to determine whether AEA affects coronary vascular tone. The vasorelaxant effects of AEA were determined in(More)
Voltage-gated potassium (KV) channels represent an important dilator influence in the cerebral circulation, but the composition of these tetrameric ion channels remains unclear. The goals of the present study were to evaluate the contribution of KV1 family channels to the resting membrane potential and diameter of small rat cerebral arteries, and to(More)