Phillip E Strydom

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The current study compared meat quality of Nguni, Bonsmara and Angus steers raised on natural pasture. Fifteen seven-month-old weaners of each breed were kept at the University of Fort Hare Farm for 12 months till slaughter. Monthly weights of the steers were recorded. Carcasses were electrically stimulated. The m. longissimus thoracis et lumborum was(More)
The objective of the current study was to compare tick loads, growth and carcass characteristics of dipped and non-dipped Nguni, Bonsmara and Angus steers raised on natural pasture. One hundred 7-month-old castrated weaners were kept at the University of Fort Hare Farm for 12 months. There were 30 weaners each of Angus and Bonsmara, and 40 weaners of the(More)
The relationship between stress responsiveness and beef quality of 40 Nguni, 30 Bonsmara and 30 Angus steers was determined. The L(∗) values, pHu, cooking loss (CL) and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) were determined. Catecholamine levels were determined from urine samples collected at slaughter. Bonsmara steers had the highest (P<0.05) levels of(More)
The objective of the current review is to highlight biochemical processes and products, from slaughter to the time of beef consumption, that relate to response to stress at slaughter, meat quality and consumer health. Biochemical processes and products involved in the use of catecholamine and dopamine levels at slaughter, in predicting meat quality, are(More)
Forty-eight Bonsmara steers were assigned to three treatment groups and one control group consisting of 12 animals each. The control (C) received no β-agonist, while the three treatment groups received zilpaterol (6ppm) (Z), ractopamine (30ppm) (R) or clenbuterol (2ppm) (Cl) for the last thirty days on feed. Growth performance (final 30 days), USDA quality(More)
Carcass composition, proximate meat composition, fatty acid composition and sensory characteristics of two breeds of goats, Indigenous (n=12) and Boer goats (n=12), and two breeds of sheep, Damara (n=12) and Dorper (n=12), on extensive pasture-grazing, were analysed. The right side of each carcass was processed into wholesale cuts and dissected into(More)
This experiment was designed to show whether delayed high voltage stimulation (ES) is more beneficial than no stimulation (NS) to secure tenderness under circumstances where rigor conditions are difficult to control due to variations in carcass size, fatness and/or chilling capacity. Ten Charolais carcasses were split during slaughter, the left sides were(More)
Meat quality characteristics of two Sanga (indigenous) breeds (Afrikaner and Nguni), one indigenous composite breed (Bonsmara), one foreign composite breed (Santa Gertrudis) and two continental breeds (Brown Swiss and Pinzgauer) were compared. Means were adjusted for mean overall subcutaneous fat level (4.7%). Meat tenderness was then related to certain(More)
The current study compared sensory characteristics and their relationships with physical meat characteristics of beef from Nguni and Bonsmara steers. Nguni beef was more (P < 0.05) tender than Bonsmara beef after ageing for 2 and 21 days, and had higher (P < 0.05) intramuscular fat (IMF; 1.12%) than Bonsmara beef (1.07%). Nguni beef had higher (P < 0.05)(More)
The objective of the study was to determine the meat quality of Nguni steers supplemented with Acacia karroo leaf-meal. Thirty 19-month old steers were randomly assigned to A. karroo leaf-meal (AK), sunflower cake (SF) and a control (CN) diets. Steers on the AK and SF diets were given an additional 150 g of protein per day for 60 days. The steers were(More)