Phillip E Bickler

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BACKGROUND Isoflurane causes long-term hippocampal-dependent learning deficits in rats despite limited isoflurane-induced hippocampal cell death, raising questions about the causality between isoflurane-induced cell death and isoflurane-induced cognitive function. Neurogenesis in the dentate gyrus is required for hippocampal-dependent learning and thus(More)
When given for a sufficient time and dose intravenously, neuromuscular blocking drugs eventually can enter the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). To study the potential pharmacologic consequences of neuromuscular blocking drugs in the CSF, a model was developed in the rat by using an intrathecal infusion of these drugs. A cannula was stereotaxically implanted in a(More)
UNLABELLED Volatile anesthetics may decrease synaptic transmission at central neurons by presynaptic and/or postsynaptic actions. Nonimmobilizers are volatile compounds with lipophilicities that suggest that they should (but do not) prevent motor responses to surgical stimuli. However, nonimmobilizers interfere with learning and memory, and, thus, might be(More)
BACKGROUND The selective alpha(2) agonist dexmedetomidine may improve neurologic outcome after incomplete ischemia in animals when it is administered either before or after the start of the ischemic insult. To clarify further the mechanisms by which alpha(2) agonists may provide neuroprotective effects, the authors tested the hypotheses that dexmedetomidine(More)
BACKGROUND Neuromuscular blocking drugs cause excitement and seizures when introduced into the central nervous system. We examined the possibility that these drugs produce paradoxical activation of acetylcholine or glutamate receptors, the chief types of brain receptors involved in excitatory neurotransmission. METHODS Because activation of central(More)
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