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The goals of this study were to evaluate brain activation in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and controls while performing a working memory (WM) task. Eleven AD patients, ten MCI subjects, and nine controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing a visual WM task. Statistical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Wingspan is a self-expanding, microcatheter-delivered microstent specifically designed for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease. Our aim was to discuss the effect of patient age and lesion location on in-stent restenosis (ISR) rates after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) with the(More)
OBJECTIVE Symptomatic vertebrobasilar artery stenosis portends a poor prognosis, even with medical therapy. Surgical intervention is associated with considerable morbidity, and percutaneous angioplasty alone has demonstrated mixed results, with significant complications. Recent advances in stent technology have allowed for a novel treatment of symptomatic,(More)
Potential fields on the surface of the brain were estimated from discretely sampled scalp fields in human subjects. Relatively simple methods of linear algebra were combined with detailed anatomical information from magnetic resonance imaging. The method was verified using a tank model of the human head that encased a fully hydrated human skull in a polymer(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of VLGUIA remains a challenge. To reduce mass effect and achieve complete occlusion, open surgery has been our favored treatment. However, endovascular therapy is preferred for lesions in the cavernous sinus or for older patients with complicating medical problems. The goal of this study is to investigate outcome of stent and/or coil(More)
OBJECT Preoperative embolization is viewed by the authors as a useful adjunct in the surgical management of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This study was performed to determine the rate of significant complication in patients undergoing this procedure. METHODS Demographic, anatomical, and procedure data were collected prospectively. The(More)
The operative management of large and giant aneurysms is complicated by their typically atheromatous and thick walls, frequent intramural thrombosis with calcification, and broad-based necks that often incorporate perforating and other vital vessels. Not infrequently, it is necessary to at least focally arrest the intracranial circulation and open or excise(More)
Serious morbidity and hyperemic states continue to complicate the treatment of certain intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Clinical and radiographic characteristics of 62 patients treated over 3 years were analyzed to determine if hyperemic complications (HCs) (defined as unusual perioperative edema or hemorrhage) and outcome could be(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intravascular stents are being used with increasing frequency in interventional neuroradiology. They provide the potential to expand the therapeutic capabilities of the endovascular therapist and stand to revolutionize endovascular intervention within both the intracranial and extracranial vessels. We present our application of stent(More)
We analyzed the results of neuroimaging studies in patients with periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) or bilateral independent periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (BIPLEDs) for localization of lesions in gray or white matter to determine if "cortical isolation" is a critical mechanism in the pathogenesis of this phenomena. We(More)