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We employed CT scanning to correlate scalp markers placed according to the international 10-20 system with underlying cerebral structures. Subjects were 12 normal volunteers. Measurements included assessment for cranial asymmetry to determine the effect of skull asymmetry on cortical location of electrodes. Results were correlated with the cortical(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Wingspan is a self-expanding, microcatheter-delivered microstent specifically designed for the treatment of symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic disease. Our aim was to discuss the effect of patient age and lesion location on in-stent restenosis (ISR) rates after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting (PTAS) with the(More)
The goals of this study were to evaluate brain activation in patients with probable Alzheimer's disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and controls while performing a working memory (WM) task. Eleven AD patients, ten MCI subjects, and nine controls underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) while performing a visual WM task. Statistical(More)
Potential fields on the surface of the brain were estimated from discretely sampled scalp fields in human subjects. Relatively simple methods of linear algebra were combined with detailed anatomical information from magnetic resonance imaging. The method was verified using a tank model of the human head that encased a fully hydrated human skull in a polymer(More)
OBJECTIVES Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been used to investigate activation of the auditory cortex; however, assessment of activation in the subcortical auditory pathway has been challenging. The aim of this study was to examine neural correlates of cortical and subcortical auditory activation evoked by pure-tone stimulus using silent(More)
OBJECT Preoperative embolization is viewed by the authors as a useful adjunct in the surgical management of cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). This study was performed to determine the rate of significant complication in patients undergoing this procedure. METHODS Demographic, anatomical, and procedure data were collected prospectively. The(More)
We analyzed the results of neuroimaging studies in patients with periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) or bilateral independent periodic lateralized epileptiform discharges (BIPLEDs) for localization of lesions in gray or white matter to determine if "cortical isolation" is a critical mechanism in the pathogenesis of this phenomena. We(More)
The operative management of large and giant aneurysms is complicated by their typically atheromatous and thick walls, frequent intramural thrombosis with calcification, and broad-based necks that often incorporate perforating and other vital vessels. Not infrequently, it is necessary to at least focally arrest the intracranial circulation and open or excise(More)
Serious morbidity and hyperemic states continue to complicate the treatment of certain intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Clinical and radiographic characteristics of 62 patients treated over 3 years were analyzed to determine if hyperemic complications (HCs) (defined as unusual perioperative edema or hemorrhage) and outcome could be(More)
BACKGROUND Cavernous carotid aneurysms are generally benign entities. Certain indications exist for their treatment, however, including transient ischemic events, subarachnoid hemorrhage or risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage, epistaxis or its risk, ophthalmoplegia, pain, and progressive visual loss. We feel certain angiographic features may indicate a greater(More)