Phillip C. Wankat

Learn More
Lactic acid fermentation includes several reactions in association with the microorganism growth. A kinetic study was performed of the conversion of multiple substrates to lactic acid using Lactobacillus bulgaricus. Batch experiments were performed to study the effect of different substrates (lactose, glucose, and galactose) on the overall bioreaction rate.(More)
A four-phase reactor-separator (gas, liquid, solid, and immobilized catalyst) is proposed for fermentations characterized by a volatile product and nonvolatile substrate.In this reactor, the biological catalyst is immobilized onto a solid column packing and contacted by the liquid containing the substrate.A gas phase is also moved through the column to(More)
The simultaneous separation of volatile fermentation products from product-inhibited fermentations can greatly increase the productivity of a bioreactor by reducing the product concentration in the bioreactor, as well as concentrating the product in an output stream free of cells, substrate, or other feed impurities. The Immobilized Cell Reactor-Separator(More)
Acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation was successfully carried out in an immobilized cell trickle bed reactor. The reactor was composed of two serial columns packed with Clostridium acetobutylicum ATCC 824 entrapped on the surface of natural sponge segments at a cell loading in the range of 2.03-5.56 g dry cells/g sponge. The average cell loading was(More)
Foam fractionation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was studied as a model system for potato wastewater. The effects of feed concentration, superficial gas velocity, feed flow rate, bubble size, pH, and ionic strength on the enrichment and recovery of BSA were investigated in a single-stage continuous foam fractionation column. Enrichments ranged from 1.5 to(More)
T HERE is considerable concern over the slow rate of dissemination of proven engineering education innovations [1]. One possible cause of the slow rate of dissemination is that engineering educators in different engineering disciplines seldom communicate with each other. To study this issue, the author analyzed the citations in all of the 2009 papers in the(More)
Three successful historical reforms of chemical engineering education were the triumph of chemical engineering over industrial chemistry, the engineering science revolution, and Engineering Criteria 2000. Current attempts to change teaching methods have relied heavily on dissemination of the results of engineering-education research that show superior(More)
Acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation was performed continuously in an immobilized cell, trickle bed reactor for 54 days without, degeneration by maintaining the pH above 4.3. Column clogging was minimized by structured packing of immobilization matrix. The reactor contained two serial glass columns packed with Clostridium acetobutylicum adsorbed on(More)