Phillip B. Messersmith

Learn More
We report a method to form multifunctional polymer coatings through simple dip-coating of objects in an aqueous solution of dopamine. Inspired by the composition of adhesive proteins in mussels, we used dopamine self-polymerization to form thin, surface-adherent polydopamine films onto a wide range of inorganic and organic materials, including noble metals,(More)
The glue proteins secreted by marine mussels bind strongly to virtually all inorganic and organic surfaces in aqueous environments in which most adhesives function poorly. Studies of these functionally unique proteins have revealed the presence of the unusual amino acid 3,4-dihydroxy-L-phenylalanine (dopa), which is formed by posttranslational modification(More)
The adhesive strategy of the gecko relies on foot pads composed of specialized keratinous foot-hairs called setae, which are subdivided into terminal spatulae of approximately 200 nm (ref. 1). Contact between the gecko foot and an opposing surface generates adhesive forces that are sufficient to allow the gecko to cling onto vertical and even inverted(More)
A new biomimetic strategy for modification of biomaterial surfaces with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) was developed. The strategy exploits the adhesive characteristics of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), an important component of mussel adhesive proteins, to anchor PEG onto surfaces, rendering the surfaces resistant to cell attachment. Linear(More)
Inorganic nanocrystals have attracted much attention for therapeutic and diagnostic applications due to their unique optical, magnetic, and fluorescent properties. Among these various nanocrystals, colloidal superparamagnetic iron oxide (e.g., g-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4) have been extensively highlighted for many biomedical applications such as contrast agents for(More)
In the present study, we have utilized X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), spectroscopic ellipsometry (ELM), and optical waveguide lightmode spectroscopy (OWLS) to examine the surface adsorption and protein resistance behavior of bio-inspired polymers consisting of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) conjugated to peptide mimics of mussel adhesive proteins.(More)
Tissue engineering scaffolds capable of gene delivery can provide a structure that supports tissue formation while also inducing the expression of inductive factors. Sustained release strategies are hypothesized to maintain elevated plasmid concentrations locally that can enhance gene transfer. In this report, we investigate the relationship between plasmid(More)
A de novo peptide that self-assembles into fibrillar structures and serves as a substrate for the cross-linking enzyme tissue transglutaminase was developed (Ac-QQKFQFQFEQQ-Am). Congo red staining, circular dichroism, and FTIR spectroscopy showed that this 11-amino acid peptide produced predominantly beta-sheet structures. TEM with negative staining and(More)
3,4-Dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) residues are known for their ability to impart adhesive and curing properties to mussel adhesive proteins. In this paper, we report the preparation of linear and branched DOPA-modified poly(ethylene glycol)s (PEG-DOPAs) containing one to four DOPA endgroups. Gel permeation chromatography-multiple-angle laser light(More)