Phillip Abel

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Medical devices based on microelectro-mechanical systems (MEMS) platforms are currently being proposed for a wide variety of implantable applications. However, biocompatibility data for typical MEMS materials of construction and processing, obtained from standard tests currently recognized by regulatory agencies, has not been published. Likewise, the(More)
To elucidate potential influences of the average tissue pO2 on the function of implanted glucose sensors, non-miniaturized polarographic oxygen electrodes and glucose oxidase/H2O2 glucose electrodes were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of spontaneously breathing normal and diabetic dogs. There was no appreciable run-in phenomenon of oxygen sensors but(More)
A feasible and reliable method of in situ checking and calibration of implanted glucose sensors is required to compensate for alterations in the overall sensitivity of the "sensor plus subcutaneous fluid glucose compartment" system. In a study on nondiabetic dogs, the linear regression analysis of paired plasma glucose/sensor current data is validated as a(More)
A useful method of enzyme glucose sensor sterilization has not only to ensure the needs of sterility assurance but has also to guarantee the functional stability of the sensors. The action of 2 or 3% alkalinized glutaraldehyde solution, as well as gamma irradiation with a dose of 25 kGy caused changes of the in vitro functionality and polymer material(More)
1 Levels of IL-13, IL-1β and TNF-α are increased in bronchial lavage fluid of asthmatics and induce certain significant features of bronchial asthma including airway hyper-responsiveness (AHR). In this study, we have investigated the effect of these cytokines in naïve mice and those sensitized to ovalbumin (OVA) on bronchoconstrictions to methacholine (MCh)(More)
Several glucose sensors have been developed, but none are commercially available. The most urgent in vivo problem is the drift of glucose sensor output with time, which may be caused by leakage or denaturation of glucose oxidase, and events at the body-sensor interface such as protein coating, encapsulation with cells, toxicity of the device and(More)
Employing saline-impregnated cotton threads, an implanted-wick technique was adopted in dogs to obtain specimen from the subcutaneous interstitial compartment in order to estimate its glucose concentration. By measuring the protein, potassium and haemoglobin contents, the centrifuged wick fluid was shown to contain the interstitial concentration of solutes(More)
A modification of a Clark-type glucose electrode which proved suitable for implantation and for connection to a glucose-controlled insulin infusion system is presented. It involves a third hydrophilic or perforated hydrophobic membrane and is based upon measurement of the H2O2 generated by the glucose oxidase reaction. The linear calibration range is(More)
Amperometric glucose oxidase/hydrogen peroxide sensors were inserted subcutaneously into the neck of normal and diabetic dogs (n = 10), to elucidate the conditions for stable long-term functioning. Their output current was observed in parallel with measurements of plasma glucose concentrations and their function was checked by means of induced alterations(More)