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earable biosensors (WBS) will permit continuous cardiovascular (CV) monitoring in a number of novel settings. Benefits may be realized in the diagnosis and treatment of a number of major diseases. WBS, in conjunction with appropriate alarm algorithms, can increase surveillance capabilities for CV catastrophe for high-risk subjects. WBS could also play a(More)
This paper presents a new principle for noninvasive blood pressure measurements through a modified volume-oscillometric technique that eliminates an inflatable pressure cuff, and instead takes advantage of natural hydrostatic pressure changes caused by raising and lowering the subject's arm. This new methodology provides the distinct advantage of using an(More)
A technique for calibrating non-invasive peripheral arterial sensor signals to peripheral arterial blood pressure (BP) is proposed. The adaptive system identification method utilizes a measurable intra-arterial hydrostatic pressure change in the sensor outfitted appendage to identify the transduction dynamics relating the peripheral arterial blood pressure(More)
It is well known that the photoplethysmogram (PPG) is related to the underlying arterial blood pressure (ABP). However, there is ambiguity regarding the precise relationship of these two circulatory signals: some investigators have described a static relationship, while others have used more complex dynamic characterizations. This paper attempts to(More)
The photoplethysmogram is a noninvasive circulatory signal related to the pulsatile volume of blood in tissue and is displayed by many pulse oximeters and bedside monitors, along with the computed arterial oxygen saturation. The photoplethysmogram is similar in appearance to an arterial blood pressure waveform. Because the former is noninvasive and nearly(More)
A truly wearable non-invasive blood pressure (NIBP) sensor--light-weight, compact, unobstrusive, and essentially unnoticeable to the patient--could revolutionize healthcare delivered beyond the traditional walls of medical facilities, offering new ways to care for patients in their everyday surroundings. This paper presents results from our work towards the(More)
This paper presents a unique design for a low-power, continuous non-invasive sensor capable of remotely monitoring the five major vital signs of a patient. In particular, the sensor is designed for rapid attachment to the fingerbase of a patient by utilizing a clip-type mechanism and is comprised of a photoplethysmograph (PPG), a MEMS accelerometer, a(More)
This paper presents the underlying principle and accompanying initial validation results towards the development of an optically-based, cuffless blood pressure monitoring method. As opposed to traditional oscillometric techniques, the optical sensor is calibrated with a known patient-controlled hydrostatic perturbation. In particular, the hydrostatic(More)
This paper provides an appraisal of the sensor requirements and prospects available for the growing field of wearable medical sensors. The results of a literature survey for various sensor use-models indicate that the design goals for each intended sensor application must focus on task specific criteria for ultimate sensor acceptance. Provided use-models(More)