Phillip A. Efron

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BACKGROUND Despite the excellent negative predictive value of sterile respiratory cultures, antibiotics often are continued after negative endotracheal aspirate (ETA) or bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) for critically ill trauma patients. We hypothesized that persistent elevation of the Clinical Pulmonary Infection Score (CPIS) would predict continued(More)
Recent advances allow accurate quantification of peripheral blood (PB) myeloid and plasmacytoid dendritic cell (DC) populations (mDC and pDC, respectively), although the response to renal transplantation (RT) remains unknown. Using flow cytometry, PBDC levels were quantified in patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing RT. PBDC levels were(More)
For patients with acute cholecystitis managed with percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC), the optimal duration of post-procedural antibiotic therapy is unknown. Our objective was to compare short versus long courses of antibiotics with the hypothesis that patients with persistent signs of systemic inflammation 72 h following PC would receive prolonged(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cells (DCs) are potent antigen-presenting cells that induce and regulate immune responses. Recent advances allow accurate quantification of peripheral blood (PB) myeloid and plasmacytoid DC populations (mDC and pDC, respectively), although the response to renal transplantation (RT) remains unknown. METHODS Using flow cytometry, PBDC(More)
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