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Exosomes are bioactive vesicles released from multivesicular bodies (MVB) by intact cells and participate in intercellular signaling. We investigated the presence of lipid-related proteins and bioactive lipids in RBL-2H3 exosomes. Besides a phospholipid scramblase and a fatty acid binding protein, the exosomes contained the whole set of phospholipases (A2,(More)
Recently we have shown that the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) MAPK14/p38α is involved in resistance of colon cancer cells to camptothecin-related drugs. Here we further investigated the cellular mechanisms involved in such drug resistance and showed that, in HCT116 human colorectal adenocarcinoma cells in which TP53 was genetically ablated(More)
We describe here the syntheses and the biological properties of new alkylaminooxysterols. Compounds were synthesized through the trans-diaxial aminolysis of 5,6-alpha-epoxysterols with various natural amines including histamine, putrescine, spermidine, or spermine. The regioselective synthesis of these 16 new 5alpha-hydroxyl-6beta-aminoalkylsterols is(More)
The microsomal antiestrogen binding site (AEBS) is a high-affinity target for the antitumor drug tamoxifen and its cognate ligands that mediate breast cancer cell differentiation and apoptosis. The AEBS, a hetero-oligomeric complex composed of 3beta-hydroxysterol-Delta8-Delta7-isomerase (D8D7I) and 3beta-hydroxysterol-Delta7-reductase (DHCR7), binds(More)
Tamoxifen is a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM) used for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. Tamoxifen has been reported to protect against the progression of coronary artery diseases in human and different atherosclerosis animal models by blocking the appearance of the atheromatous plaque. However, the molecular mechanism of this(More)
Tamoxifen (Tx) interacts with high affinity to the microsomal antiestrogen binding site (AEBS) which is a hetero-oligomeric complex involved in cholesterol metabolism. We established that Tx and other AEBS ligands induce breast cancer cell differentiation, apoptosis and autophagy through the induction of sterol accumulation. We determined that cell death is(More)
Tamoxifen is one of the major drugs used for the hormonotherapy of estrogen receptor positive breast cancers. However, its therapeutic efficacy can be limited by acquired resistance and tumor recurrence can occur after several years of treatment. Tamoxifen is known as the prototypical modulator of estrogen receptors, but other targets have been identified(More)
Tamoxifen is a well-known antiestrogen used for the hormonotherapy of estrogen receptor positive breast cancer. In addition to its high affinity binding to the estrogen receptor (ER), tamoxifen binds with comparable affinity to the microsomal antiestrogen binding site (AEBS), and inhibits with a micromolar efficiency, protein kinase C (PKC), calmodulin(More)
Progesterone, the cationic amphiphile U18666A and a phospholipase inhibitor (Methyl Arachidonyl Fluoro Phosphonate, MAFP) inhibited by 70%-90% HIV production in viral reservoir cells, i.e. human THP-1 monocytes and monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). These compounds triggered an inhibition of fluid phase endocytosis (macropinocytosis) and modified cellular(More)
We have shown recently that estrogen receptor (ER) ligands share a diphenyl ethane pharmacophore with Sah 58-035 [3-[decyldimethylsilyl]-N-[2-(4-methylphenyl)-1-phenylethyl]-propanamide], a prototypical inhibitor of the acyl-cholesterolacyl-transferase (ACAT), which enabled us to establish that ER ligands were potent inhibitors of ACAT and blocked the(More)