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Salmonella virulence in animals depends on effectors injected by Type III Secretion Systems (T3SSs). In this report we demonstrate that Salmonella mutants that are unable to deliver effectors are also compromised in infection of Arabidopsis thaliana plants. Transcriptome analysis revealed that in contrast to wild type bacteria, T3SS mutants of Salmonella(More)
Two major changes in the epidemiology of salmonellosis occurred in the second half of the 20th century: the emergence of food-borne human infections caused by S. Enteritidis and by multiple-antibiotic resistant strains of Salmonella. This review updates information on the S. Enteritidis pandemic and focuses on the emergence of Salmonella, carrying the SGI1(More)
Asymptomatic Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis carrier state in poultry has serious consequences on food safety and public health due to the risks of food poisoning following consumption of contaminated products. An understanding the mechanisms of persistence of Salmonella in the digestive tract of chicken can be achieved by a better knowledge of the(More)
Salmonellosis is one of the main causes of food-borne poisoning due to the consumption of contaminated poultry products. In the flocks, Salmonella is able to persist in the digestive tract of birds for weeks without triggering any symptom. In order to identify molecules and genes involved in the mechanism of host resistance to intestinal carrier-state, two(More)
The virulence potential of 51 Listeria monocytogenes isolates, including strains from cheese, cheese production environments and from human cases of listeriosis, was evaluated in this study. The isolates were used to infect HT-29 cell monolayers in an in vitro test of virulence, based on a plaque-forming assay (PFA). Fifteen selected isolates were used for(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the efficiency of the embryonated egg model to recover Viable But Non Culturable (VBNC) cells of Listeria monocytogenes. L. monocytogenes cells were incubated in filtered sterilised distilled water. The VBNC state was obtained after a 25 to 47 days incubation period (concentration of culturable cells less than 1 cfu/mL).(More)
Salmonella can invade non-phagocytic cells through its type III secretion system (T3SS-1), which induces a Trigger entry process. This study showed that Salmonella enterica, subspecies enterica serovar Enteritidis can also invade cells via the Rck outer membrane protein. Rck was necessary and sufficient to enable non-invasive E. coli and Rck-coated beads to(More)
Three enterocyte cell clones were established in vitro from the intestine of a PA12 hen embryo. These cells exhibited epithelioid morphology and grew as monolayers. The cells were continuously propagated in culture up to 250 passages. Gradual increase in growth rate with time and in anchorage-independent growth in both agar and agarose showed that the three(More)
Independent studies have demonstrated that flagella are associated with the invasive process of Salmonella enterica serotypes, and aflagellate derivatives of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis are attenuated in murine and avian models of infection. One widely held view is that the motility afforded by flagella, probably aided by chemotactic responses,(More)
Selection for increased resistance to Salmonella colonisation and excretion could reduce the risk of foodborne Salmonella infection. In order to identify potential loci affecting resistance, differences in resistance were identified between the N and 6(1) inbred lines and two QTL research performed. In an F2 cross, the animals were inoculated at one week of(More)