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Whether they are of low or high histopathological grade, human astrocytic tumors are characterized by a marked propensity to diffuse into large areas of normal brain parenchyma. This invasion relates mainly to cell motility, which enables individual cell migration to take place. The present study characterizes in vitro the gastrin-mediated effects on both(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Galectins are beta-galactoside binding proteins. This ability may have a bearing on cell adhesion and migration/proliferation in human colon cancer cells. In addition to galectins-1 and -3 studied to date, other members of this family not investigated in detail may contribute to modulation of tumour cell features. This evident gap has(More)
The cell motility dynamic of two glioblastoma cell lines (U373 and U87) was studied by means of an automatic video-cell-tracking-system enabling each cell in a colony to be tracked for several hours. Twenty-five experiments were performed on both models growing on three different supports (glass, plastic and Matrigel). Cell motility was significantly(More)
The various grading systems proposed for renal cell carcinomas all suffer from problems related to inter-observer variability. Some of these grading systems are based, either partially or wholly, on morphonuclear criteria, such as nuclear size and shape, anisonucleosis, and chromatin pattern. These criteria can be quantitatively (and thus objectively)(More)
BACKGROUND Epiluminescence microscopy (ELM) is a noninvasive clinical tool recently developed for the diagnosis of pigmented skin lesions (PSLs), with the aim of improving melanoma screening strategies. However, the complexity of the ELM grading protocol means that considerable expertise is required for differential diagnosis. In this paper we propose a(More)
The development of angiogenesis within a tumor brings on a sequence of extremely complex molecular events. We have developed a methodology which enables a wide set of biological parameters to be quantitatively determined in the field of anti-angiogenesis pharmacology. This methodology which includes a video cell tracking device, is unique because it offers(More)
Metastases kill 90% of cancer patients. It is thus a major challenge in cancer therapy to inhibit the spreading of tumor cells from primary tumor sites to those particular organs where metastases are likely to occur. Whereas the actin cytoskeleton is a key component involved in cell migration, agents targeting actin dynamics have been relatively poorly(More)
Cancer cell motility and invasion are critical targets for anticancer therapeutics. Whereas in vitro models could be designed for rapid screening with a view to investigate these targets, careful consideration must be given to the construction of appropriate model systems. Most investigations focus on two-dimensional (2-D) assays despite the fact that(More)
BACKGROUND Set up of an automatic image processing based method that enables the motility of in vitro aggregated cells to be evaluated for a number of hours. METHODS Our biological model included the PC-3 human prostate cancer cell line growing as a monolayer on the bottom of Falcon plastic dishes containing conventional culture media. Our equipment(More)
The aggressiveness of human bladder tumours can be assessed by means of various classification systems, including the one proposed by the World Health Organization (WHO). According to the WHO classification, three levels of malignancy are identified as grades I (low), II (intermediate), and III (high). This classification system operates satisfactorily for(More)