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Two NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase-encoding cDNAs were isolated from an Arabidopsis cDNA library by metabolic interference in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant disrupted for its endogenous cpr1 gene. ATR1 encodes a protein of 692 amino acids, while ATR2 encodes either a 712-residue protein (ATR2-1), or a 702-residue protein (ATR2-2) depending on the choice(More)
Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) belongs to the superfamily of alpha/beta-hydrolase fold enzymes. A catalytic triad in the active centre of the enzyme hydrolyses the substrate molecules in a two-step reaction via the intermediate formation of an enzyme-substrate ester. Here we show that the mEH catalytic triad is composed of Asp226, Glu404 and His431.(More)
Helianthus tuberosus cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (CYP73 or CA4H), a member of the P450 superfamily which catalyses the first oxidative step of the phenylpropanoid pathway in higher plants by transforming cinnamate into p-coumarate, was expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The PCR-amplified CA4H open reading frame was inserted into pYeDP60 under the(More)
Human liver P450 NF25 (CYP3A4) had been previously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the inducible GAL10-CYC1 promoter and the phosphoglycerate kinase gene terminator [Renaud, J. P., Cullin, C., Pompon, D., Beaune, P. and Mansuy, D. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 194, 889-896]. The use of an improved expression vector [Urban, P., Cullin, C. and Pompon,(More)
An expression library of hybrid cDNAs was constructed in vivo by homeologous recombination in yeast between human P450 1A1 and P450 1A2 sequences. Two clones exhibiting highly enhanced monooxygenase activities in vivo were selected. Chimera S12 includes the 88 N-terminal residues of P450 1A1 fused to the complementary part of the P450 1A2 sequence. Chimera(More)
A comparison of all known mammalian CYP1A sequences identifies nineteen sequence regions that are conserved within all 1A1s or within all 1A2s but at the same time systematically differ between any 1A1 and any 1A2. The purpose of this study was to explore links between these specific CYP1A sequence signatures and substrate specificity shift through the(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes represent a large superfamily that displays extraordinarily diverse substrate specificities. After a concise review about CYPs of the CYP1A subfamily, which plays a crucial role in procarcinogen activation, this paper presents segment-directed mutagenesis. This approach generates a library of random combinatorial mutants(More)