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Two NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase-encoding cDNAs were isolated from an Arabidopsis cDNA library by metabolic interference in a Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant disrupted for its endogenous cpr1 gene. ATR1 encodes a protein of 692 amino acids, while ATR2 encodes either a 712-residue protein (ATR2-1), or a 702-residue protein (ATR2-2) depending on the choice(More)
Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH) belongs to the superfamily of alpha/beta-hydrolase fold enzymes. A catalytic triad in the active centre of the enzyme hydrolyses the substrate molecules in a two-step reaction via the intermediate formation of an enzyme-substrate ester. Here we show that the mEH catalytic triad is composed of Asp226, Glu404 and His431.(More)
Helianthus tuberosus cinnamate 4-hydroxylase (CYP73 or CA4H), a member of the P450 superfamily which catalyses the first oxidative step of the phenylpropanoid pathway in higher plants by transforming cinnamate into p-coumarate, was expressed in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The PCR-amplified CA4H open reading frame was inserted into pYeDP60 under the(More)
An expression library of hybrid cDNAs was constructed in vivo by homeologous recombination in yeast between human P450 1A1 and P450 1A2 sequences. Two clones exhibiting highly enhanced monooxygenase activities in vivo were selected. Chimera S12 includes the 88 N-terminal residues of P450 1A1 fused to the complementary part of the P450 1A2 sequence. Chimera(More)
Human liver P450 NF25 (CYP3A4) had been previously expressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae using the inducible GAL10-CYC1 promoter and the phosphoglycerate kinase gene terminator [Renaud, J. P., Cullin, C., Pompon, D., Beaune, P. and Mansuy, D. (1990) Eur. J. Biochem. 194, 889-896]. The use of an improved expression vector [Urban, P., Cullin, C. and Pompon,(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes represent a large superfamily that displays extraordinarily diverse substrate specificities. After a concise review about CYPs of the CYP1A subfamily, which plays a crucial role in procarcinogen activation, this paper presents segment-directed mutagenesis. This approach generates a library of random combinatorial mutants(More)
Imidazoline binding sites (IBS) were proposed to be responsible for some of the pharmacological and therapeutic activities of imidazoline and related compounds and have been classified into two subtypes, I1BS and I2BS. Convergent studies attribute a role in central blood pressure regulation to the I1BS. In contrast, the function of I2BS remains unknown. In(More)
The usefulness of cDNA-directed expression of human hepatic P450s in yeast for the in vitro study of drug metabolism is emphasized. The major advantages of yeast expression are: (i) relatively high yields of heterologous P450 (approximately 5-10 nmol/l of culture medium) can be obtained; (ii) the expressed P450s are directly active in yeast microsomes,(More)