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OBJECTIVES To: (i) test different pharmacokinetic models to fit full tacrolimus concentration-time profiles; (ii) estimate the tacrolimus pharmacokinetic characteristics in stable lung transplant patients with or without cystic fibrosis (CF); (iii) compare the pharmacokinetic parameters between these two patient groups; and (iv) design maximum a posteriori(More)
BACKGROUND In cystic fibrosis (CF), absorption of cyclosporine A (CsA) through the gastrointestinal tract is often impaired because of fat malabsorption. The aim of this study was to compare the steady-state pharmacokinetics of CsA and the inter- and intrasubject variability of CsA exposure in stable lung transplant recipients with and without CF and to(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the distribution of cotinine in fetal fluids and serum during the first half of pregnancy, and compare the fetal and maternal cotinine levels in passive and active smokers. METHODS Maternal smoking status was determined by questionnaire in 85 pregnant women requesting abortion for psychosocial reasons between 7 and 17 weeks'(More)
In cystic fibrosis (CF), absorption of tacrolimus through the gastrointestinal tract may be impaired due to fat malabsorption. The aim of this pilot study was to compare tacrolimus pharmacokinetics and inter- and intrasubject variability of exposure in stable lung transplant recipients with and without CF, and to determine the best single-time predictors of(More)
BACKGROUND For mycophenolic acid (MPA), substantial inter- and intra-individual variability and drug interactions have been observed and therapeutic drug monitoring is now recommended. In this study, a MPA commercial Enzyme Multiplied Immunoassay Technique (EMIT) was evaluated and compared with the HPLC-UV reference method which is easily practicable in a(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The current shortage of organs makes it desirable to establish the prognosis of patients with cirrhosis in order to assess priority for liver transplantation. METHODS We compared the utility of two exogenous tests (aminopyrine breath test and lidocaine metabolization test), two clinical parameters (encephalopathy, ascites), 18 endogenous(More)
The aims of the current study were (1) to study Neoral pharmacokinetics (PK) in stable lung recipients with or without cystic fibrosis (CF), (2) to compare Neoral PK between these two groups, and (3) to design Bayesian estimators for PK forecasting and dose adjustment in these patients using a limited number of blood samples. The individual PK of 19 adult(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Population pharmacokinetic studies of ciclosporin microemulsion are needed to identify the individual factors influencing ciclosporin pharmacokinetic variability in transplant patients and to design efficient tools for the accurate estimation of ciclosporin overall exposure (area under the plasma concentration-time curve from 0 to(More)