Philippe Tacchini

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BACKGROUND Exposure to particles (PM) induces adverse health effects (cancer, cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases). A key-role in these adverse effects seems to be played by oxidative stress, which is an excess of reactive oxygen species relative to the amount of reducing species (including antioxidants), the first line of defense against reactive oxygen(More)
PURPOSE Aiming to gain a detailed insight into the physiological mechanisms involved under extreme conditions, a group of experienced ultra-marathon runners, performing the mountain Tor des Géants® ultra-marathon: 330 km trail-run in Valle d'Aosta, 24000 m of positive and negative elevation changes, was monitored. ROS production rate, antioxidant capacity,(More)
TiO2/ITO modified electrodes were developed to quantitatively photooxidize adsorbed ds-DNA and to study the effect of antioxidants as ds-DNA protecting agents. TiO2 films are used for efficient ds-DNA immobilization, for ds-DNA oxidation through photogenerated hydroxyl radicals, and as electrodes for amperometric sensing. The films, prepared by a sol-gel(More)
Acute exercise induces an increase in Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) production dependent on exercise intensity with highest ROS amount generated by strenuous exercise. However, chronic repetition of exercise, that is, exercise training, may reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress. Aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 6-weeks high-intensity(More)
Antioxidant redox sensors based on DNA modified carbon screen-printed electrodes were developed. The carbon ink was doped with TiO2 nanoparticles, onto which double-strand DNA was adsorbed. A redox mediator, namely, tris-2,2'-bipyridine ruthenium(II) [Ru(bpy)3(2+)] was electrooxidized on the electrode surface to subsequently oxidize both the adsorbed ds-DNA(More)
BACKGROUND Pathogen inactivation treatments such as INTERCEPT aim to make sure blood and blood-derived products are free of pathogens before using them for transfusion purposes. At present, there is no established quality control assay that assesses the completeness of the treatment. As INTERCEPT is a photochemical treatment known to generate reactive(More)
Antiaging skin care represents a large segment of the cosmetic products market. Such products typically claim to contain the ultimate “miracle in a jar,” that is, a unique active molecule that maintains the youthful aspect of the skin by promoting cellular activity in the epidermis and the dermis. To the best of our knowledge, however, there is no such(More)
Polyacrylamide (PA) based hydrogels are used in several applications including polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and sensing devices. Homogeneous and compact PA films can be prepared based on chemical or photopolymerization processes. However, the accurate and reproducible coating of substrates with nanohydrogel patterns is challenging due to the in situ(More)
An amperometric test for the antioxidant power (AOP) of biological and food samples is presented. The gist of the method is to measure by linear sweep voltammetry the anodic current produced during the oxidation of the labile species present in the sample and then rationalizing this signal with a mathematical treatment that allows the pseudo-titration of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Red blood cells (RBCs) suffer from lesions during cold storage, depending in part on their ability to counterbalance oxidative stress by activating their antioxidant defence. The aim of this study was to monitor the antioxidant power (AOP) in erythrocyte concentrates (ECs) during cold storage. MATERIALS AND METHODS Six ECs were(More)
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