Philippe Staquet

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Isocyanates may be involved in the development of chronic obstructive airway disease among exposed workers. A short-term exposure to toluene diisocyanate (TDI) at concentrations near the permissible levels was investigated to examine whether there was an association with changes in pulmonary function tests and in potential markers of airway injury and(More)
Decreased immunity in depressive as compared with control subjects has been well documented, although some depressed patients have severe alterations whereas others have milder ones or not at all. Since for equal severities of depression, there may be individual differences in the degree of perceived control over one's condition, we investigated the(More)
High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) in the treatment of malignancies is often associated with immune deficiency following transplantation, possibly contributing to tumor relapse or fatal infection. Interleukin 2 (IL-2), which enhances major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-unrestricted cytotoxicity in vitro, can(More)
IL-9 is a Th2 cytokine that exerts pleiotropic activities on T cells, B cells, mast cells, hematopoietic progenitors, and lung epithelial cells, but no effect of this cytokine has been reported so far on mononuclear phagocytes. Human blood monocytes preincubated with IL-9 for 24 h before LPS or PMA stimulation exhibited a decreased oxidative burst, even in(More)
Megakaryocytes undergo a peculiar and irreversible program by which they become polyploid through repeated cycles of DNA synthesis without concomitant cell division. In order to study the possible concomitant role of protein kinase C and actin in megakaryocyte polyploidization, three cell lines (DAMI, HEL and K562), expressing some properties of the(More)
The present study evaluates different cellular and soluble components in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) from patients with interstitial lung disease. We observed an increased T4/T8 lymphocyte ratio in BAL but not in blood from 24 patients with active pulmonary sarcoidosis compared to sixteen normal individuals and to eleven patients with inactive(More)
Immune reconstitution after autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) was studied in peripheral blood by phytohemagglutinin stimulated T-cell colony formation (CFU-TL) and by surface phenotype analysis of T-lymphocytes with monoclonal antibodies. Twenty-six patients (15 small-cell lung cancer, 5 lymphoma, 3 acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 2 germ cell(More)
Interleukin (IL)-9 is known to regulate many cell types involved in T-helper type 2 responses classically associated with asthma, including B- and T-lymphocytes, mast cells, eosinophils and epithelial cells. In contrast, target cells mediating the effects of IL-9 in the lower respiratory tract remain to be identified. Therefore, the authors evaluated the(More)
A flow cytofluorometric measurement of megakaryocyte ploidy has been adapted from Tomer's method. Briefly, bone marrow is aspirated through a medium containing theophyllin, prostaglandin-E1 and other antiaggregant agents. Megakaryocytes-enriched buffy coats are recovered. Megakaryocytes are then stained for GP IIIa coupled with FITC and for DNA (propidium(More)
Megakaryocyte polyploidization is an advantageous and regulated mechanism which leads to an increase in platelet production. In megakaryocyte cell lines, polyploidization can be obtained by using cytochalasin B, an inhibitor of the actin polymerization. The Nucleolar Organizer Regions (AgNORs) are parts of nucleolar DNA transcribed into ribosomal RNA. They(More)