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BACKGROUND Bloodstream infections (BSIs) caused by enterobacteria remain a leading cause of mortality in patients with chemotherapy-induced neutropenia. The rate and type of colonization and infection with ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) and their mode of transmission in German cancer centres is largely unknown. METHODS We performed a(More)
The dual SRC/ABL1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor bosutinib is indicated for adults with Ph+ chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) resistant/intolerant to prior therapy. This analysis of an ongoing phase 1/2 study (NCT00261846) assessed effects of baseline patient characteristics on long-term efficacy and safety of bosutinib 500 mg/day in adults with imatinib(More)
Danusertib is a pan-aurora kinase inhibitor with potent activity against Abl kinase including the gatekeeper T315I mutant. A phase 1 dose escalation study of danusertib was conducted in patients with accelerated or blastic phase chronic myeloid leukemia or Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Two dosing schedules were studied:(More)
The introduction of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) for chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) led to a dramatic change in the role of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT) with a rapid decline in the number of patients receiving SCT in first chronic phase (CP1). We evaluated 68 consecutive patients in all phases of CML (male/female = 39:29, 27 in CP1), who(More)
The tyrosine kinase inhibitor imatinib mesylate (IM) set new standards in the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, emergence of resistance to IM became a major therapeutic challenge. Bosutinib (SKI-606), a 7-alkoxy-3-quinolinecarbonitrile, functions as a dual inhibitor of SRC and ABL kinases, and preclinical studies demonstrated a high(More)
The gold standard of cytogenetic analysis in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is conventional chromosome banding (CCB) analysis of bone marrow (BM) metaphases. Most aberrations can also be detected by fluorescence-in situ-hybridization (FISH). For this prospective multicenter German diagnostic study (www.clinicaltrials.gov: #NCT01355913) 360 patients, as(More)
Bosutinib (SKI-606) is an orally available, once-daily dual Src and Abl kinase inhibitor, approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adults with chronic, accelerated, or blast-phase Philadelphia chromosome-positive chronic myelogenous leukemia who are intolerant of or resistant to first- or second-generation tyrosine kinase(More)
The existence of adult haemangioblasts with dual haematopoietic and endothelial developmental potential was confirmed after detection of Ph(+) vascular endothelial cells in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients. Blood outgrowth endothelial cells (OECs) from CML patients were found not to harbour the Philadelphia translocation and were thus not clonally(More)
Influences of psychological stress on the acquired immune system have not consequently been investigated. We found acute psychological stress to cause an increase in CD56+ and CCR5+ effector T cells in the peripheral blood of healthy human subjects (N=22), while skin-homing CLA+ T cells decreased. At the same time, we observed a stress-induced decrease in(More)
Emergence of resistance to Imatinib complicates the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Second-generation Bcr-Abl inhibitors are capable to overcome resistance mediated by most mutations except T315I. As this mutation is causative for approximately 20% of clinically observed resistances, the need for novel treatment strategies becomes obvious.(More)