Philippe Sautet

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A good heterogeneous catalyst for a given chemical reaction very often has only one specific type of surface site that is catalytically active. Widespread methodologies such as Sabatier-type activity plots determine optimal adsorption energies to maximize catalytic activity, but these are difficult to use as guidelines to devise new catalysts. We introduce(More)
The search for improved heterogeneous catalysts is an important but difficult task. Scaling relations between the adsorption energies of reaction intermediates greatly facilitate the computational design of catalysts. However, this methodology does not currently incorporate structure sensitivity and hence cannot describe adequately the overall activity of(More)
In the present work the interaction of different bitartrate isomers on the Cu(110) surface has been investigated systematically by using the Vienna Ab-initio Simulation Package (VASP), which performs periodical density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Among all bitartrate isomers the R,R-configuration is the most stable under the (3 1, 1 2) domain on(More)
Molecular chemisorption at a metal surface is a key step for many processes, such as catalysis, electrochemistry, surface treatment, tribology and friction. Modeling with density functional theory is largely used on these systems. From a detailed comparison with accurate micro-calorimetric data on ten systems (involving ethylene, cyclohexene, benzene,(More)
Low-coordinated (LC) ions at the MgO surface (noted Mg2+LC and O2-LC with L = 1-5), located on monatomic and diatomic steps, corners, step divacancies, and kinks, have been modeled thanks to periodic density functional theory (DFT) calculations (VASP). Ions of lowest coordination induce the strongest surface geometry relaxation and the highest surface(More)
Finding an ideal photocatalyst for achieving efficient overall water splitting still remains a great challenge. By applying accurate first-principles quantum calculations based on DFT with the screened non-local hybrid HSE06 functional, we bring rational insights at the atomic level into the influence of non-stoichiometric compositions on essential(More)
High-resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images at 5 K, simultaneously resolving the molecular adsorbate and the honeycomb structure of the well-defined Ag[111]-p(4 x 4)+Ag(1.83)O substrate, assign the adsorption site for ethene on the silver oxide surface. Ethene molecules are exclusively adsorbed above a particular subset of Ag(delta)(+) sites(More)
Combining experiments and DFT calculations, we show that tricoordinate Al(III) Lewis acid sites, which are present as metastable species exclusively on the major (110) termination of γ- and δ-Al(2)O(3) particles, correspond to the "defect" sites, which are held responsible for the unique properties of "activated" (thermally pretreated) alumina. These(More)
Carbon diffusion in transition metal nanoparticles is assumed to be a key factor in the catalyzed growth of carbon nanotubes (CNT). Aiming at designing more efficient catalysts, we have compared this carbon diffusion process in the near surface and in the bulk of Ni and Ni(3)Pd by means of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Ni nanoparticles are(More)