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OBJECTIVES Post-traumatic olfactory loss (PTOL) is the third most common aetiology for olfactory disorders. Mechanisms that lead to post-traumatic olfactory disorders include sinonasal affections, damage to the olfactory nerve and lesions of the cerebral olfactory centres. The purpose of this review is to present an update of this condition and to present a(More)
GOALS To give an overview on the theoretical and practical applications of chemosensory event-related potentials. METHODS Chemosensory event-related potentials (ERPs) may be elicited by brief and precisely defined odorous stimuli. Based on the principles of air-dilution olfactometry, a stimulator was developed in the late 1970s, which allows stimulation(More)
OBJECTIVE The study aimed to investigate whether the degree of postinfectious olfactory loss is reflected in volume of the olfactory bulb (OB). STUDY DESIGN Retrospective study of 26 patients with postinfectious olfactory loss. MATERIALS AND METHODS Olfactory function was assessed with the "Sniffin' Sticks" test kit, and the magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Differentiation of progenitor cells into neurons in the olfactory bulb depends on olfactory stimulation that can lead to an increase in olfactory bulb volume. In this study, we investigated whether the human olfactory bulb volume increases with increasing olfactory function due to treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Nineteen patients with chronic(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to evaluate olfactory function with orthonasal and retronasal testing in patients with posttraumatic olfactory loss and to investigate the relation between residual olfactory function and olfactory bulb (OB) volume. METHOD A retrospective study of 25 patients with posttraumatic olfactory loss was performed. Orthonasal(More)
Previous studies showed that early blind humans develop superior abilities in the use of their remaining senses, hypothetically due to a functional reorganization of the deprived visual brain areas. While auditory and tactile functions have been investigated for long, little is known about the effects of early visual deprivation on olfactory processing.(More)
The olfactory bulb collects the sensory afferents of the olfactory receptor cells located in the olfactory neuroepithelium. The olfactory bulb ends with the olfactory tract and is closely related to the olfactory sulcus of the frontal lobe. Many studies demonstrated that olfactory bulb volume assessed with magnetic resonance imaging is related to the(More)
It has been shown that the volume of the olfactory bulb (OB) changes with function. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the OB volume and the olfactory function in early blind (EB) subjects increase compared with controls. Psychophysical testing of olfactory performances and OB volumetric measurements assessed by an MRI scan were studied.(More)
PURPOSE Tinnitus is the perception of a sound in the absence of external stimulus. Currently, the pathophysiology of tinnitus is not fully understood, but recent studies indicate that alterations in the brain involve non-auditory areas, including the prefrontal cortex. Here, we hypothesize that these brain alterations affect top-down cognitive control(More)
In the last years, an increasing interest has been paid to the olfactory system, particularly to its abilities of plasticity and its potential continuous neurogenesis throughout adult life. Although mechanisms underlying adult neurogenesis have been largely investigated in animals, to some degree they remain unclear in humans. Based on human research(More)