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A collection of rhizobia isolated from Acacia tortilis subsp. raddiana from various sites in the North and South of Sahara was analyzed for their diversity at both taxonomic and symbiotic levels. On the basis of whole cell protein (SDS-PAGE) and 16S rDNA sequence analysis, most of the strains were found to belong to the Sinorhizobium and Mesorhizobium(More)
Filaggrin is a basic, histidine-rich protein synthesized by cells of keratinizing epithelia, that subserves major physiological functions in maturating epidermis. Its precursor, profilaggrin, constitutes a major component of kertohyalin granules. In this work the expression of profilaggrin/filaggrin was studied in 140 specimens of normal human adult and(More)
BACKGROUND Dent's disease, a renal tubular disorder characterized by low-molecular-weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and nephrolithiasis, is due to inactivating mutations in the X-linked renal-specific chloride channel, hCLC-5. The x-ray crystal structures of two bacterial chloride channels (CLCs) have recently been established, thereby allowing us to(More)
Human skin equivalents were developed in vitro with a unidimensionally retracted dermal equivalent made of human type I + III collagen and human MRC5 fibroblasts, and a multilayered epithelium grown in liquid medium from normal human keratinocytes in suspension. We investigated the degree of epidermal differentiation that could be achieved after in vivo(More)
BACKGROUND In the last decade, the inhibition of protein-protein interactions (PPIs) has emerged from both academic and private research as a new way to modulate the activity of proteins. Inhibitors of these original interactions are certainly the next generation of highly innovative drugs that will reach the market in the next decade. However, in silico(More)
Long-term nonprogression during acute HIV infection has been strongly associated with HLA-B*5701 or HLA-B*5703. In this study, we present the high resolution crystal structures of HLA-B*5703 complexes with three HIV-1 epitopes: ISPRTLNAW (ISP), KAFSPEVIPMF (KAF-11), and KAFSPEVI (KAF-8). These reveal peptide anchoring at position 2 and their C termini. The(More)
Protein-protein interactions are considered as one of the next generation of therapeutic targets. Specific tools thus need to be developed to tackle this challenging chemical space. In an effort to derive some common principles from recent successes, we have built 2P2Idb (freely accessible at http://2p2idb.cnrs-mrs.fr), a hand-curated structural database(More)
B cell development in the bone marrow is a highly regulated process and expression of a functional pre-BCR represents a crucial checkpoint, common to human and mouse. In this review, we discuss pre-BCR analogies and differences between the two species leading to pre-B cell differentiation and proliferation. In addition, the mechanisms triggering pre-BCR(More)
This work reports real-time soft-error rate (SER) testing of semiconductor static memories in both altitude and underground environments to separate the component of the SER induced by the cosmic rays (i.e. primarily by atmospheric neutrons) from that caused by on-chip radioactive impurities (alpha-particle emitters). Two European dedicated sites were used(More)