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We used variations of the stop signal task to study two components of motor response inhibition-the ability to withhold a strong response tendency (restraint) and the ability to cancel an ongoing action (cancellation)-in children with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and in non-ADHD controls of similar age (ages 7-14 years).(More)
We tested the hypothesis that prematurity acts through its association with neuromotor and intellectual functioning to explain behavior problems at school age. Sixty-one extremely preterm (EP) very low birth weight (VLBW) children (< 29 wk and < 1,500 g) born in 1987-1990 and 44 normal birth weight children (NBW) (> 37 wk and > 2,500 g) were matched for(More)
This study sought to investigate navigational strategies across the life span, by testing 8-years old children to 80-years old healthy older adults on the 4 on 8 virtual maze (4/8VM). The 4/8VM was previously developed to assess spontaneous navigational strategies, i.e., hippocampal-dependent spatial strategies (navigation by memorizing relationships(More)
This multimethod study provides detailed information about the friendships of 87 children (76% boys) with ADHD and 46 comparison children aged 7-13 years. The methods included parent and teacher ratings, self-report measures and direct observation of friends' dyadic behaviors in three structured analogue tasks. Results indicated that, in contrast with(More)
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a visual two-choice reaction time (RT) task in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and control boys selected using strict inclusion and exclusion criteria. No group differences were found in mean RT and correct responses. Although early occipital ERPs were not affected in the ADHD group, the(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated late neuropsychological toxicity in children treated for standard-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who were randomly assigned to receive either cranial radiation therapy (CRT) with double intrathecal (IT) chemotherapy or intensive triple IT chemotherapy (no CRT) as CNS-directed therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1996 and(More)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most prevalent psychiatric disorder emerging during childhood. Psychostimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate) noticeably reduce ADHD symptoms in most children. Since methylphenidate inhibits dopamine transporter activity, the dopamine transporter gene (DAT1) was considered to be the prime candidate(More)
This study examined the reliability and validity of the Health Utilities Index (HUI) Mark 2 system, a health-related quality of life (QoL) instrument, in children with cancer. The sample consisted of 61 mothers of paediatric oncology patients, aged 4.1-17.3 years, who were either on treatment (n = 20) or off treatment (n = 41). The test-retest reliability(More)
This study tested whether the association between temporal processing (TP) and reading is mediated by phonological awareness (PA) in a normative sample of 615 eight-year-olds. TP was measured with auditory and bimodal (visual-auditory) temporal order judgment tasks and PA with a phoneme deletion task. PA partially mediated the association between both(More)
OBJECTIVE To provide age- and sex-specific estimates of methylphenidate use and to determine use changes over a 2-year period. STUDY DESIGN We examined the first and second data collection cycles of the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, a Canadian household survey of children. Participants were children aged 2 years to 11 years at both(More)