Philippe Renault

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In January 2005, an epidemic of chikungunya fever broke out in the Comoro Islands and lasted until May 2005. In April, cases were also reported in Mayotte and Mauritius. On Réunion Island, the first cases were reported at the end of April. Surveillance of this epidemic required an adaptive system, which at first was based on active and retrospective case(More)
Although the acute manifestations of Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) illness are well-documented, few data exist about the long-term rheumatic outcomes of CHIKV-infected patients. We undertook between June and September 2006 a retrospective cohort study aimed at assessing the course of late rheumatic manifestations and investigating potential risk factors(More)
To the Editor: During the epidemic of chikungunya virus infection that occurred on Reunion Island in 2005–06, we reported an overmortality corresponding to the epidemic peak, which was estimated by comparing observed and expected deaths (1). The excess was similar to the number of deaths related to chikungunya infection reported by death certifi cates (2).(More)
BACKGROUND To record and assess the clinical features of chikungunya fever (CHIKF), with a view to enable diagnosis based on clinical criteria rather than costly laboratory procedures in field conditions. METHODS As part of a cross-sectional serologic survey conducted in Mayotte after a massive chikungunya outbreak in 2006, we collected data on clinical(More)
We studied the epidemic trend following the introduction of the pandemic A(H1N1) 2009 in the subtropical Réunion Island. There, the pandemic wave started from week 30 and lasted until week 38, with an estimated attack rate of 12.85 % for symptomatic infections. The best estimate for the reproduction number was R = 1.26 [1.08; 1.49]. It results that the herd(More)
294 Vol 10 May 2010 A recent review by Simon Cauchemez and colleagues discussed many aspects of school closure as a public health policy to mitigate the eff ect of an infl uenza pandemic. The hope was that school closure during a pandemic might break the transmission of the virus if contact between children was limited.(More)
OBJECTIVES Efficient surveillance of communicable diseases involves dose collaboration between physicians, epidemiologist and bacteriologists. The characterization of meningococcal infections is a medical emergency due to their lethality and their epidemic behavior. The recent expansion of Neisseria meningitidis of serogroup W135 among pilgrims and their(More)
BACKGROUND This study was conducted to assess the impact of chikungunya on health costs during the epidemic that occurred on La Réunion in 2005-2006. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS From data collected from health agencies, the additional costs incurred by chikungunya in terms of consultations, drug consumption and absence from work were determined by a(More)