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BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of alveolar hemorrhage in children and its pathophysiology remains obscure. Classically, diagnosis is based on a triad including hemoptysis, diffuse parenchymal infiltrates on chest X-rays, and iron-deficiency anemia. We present the French pediatric cohort of IPH collected through the(More)
Swallowing is a powerful inhibitor of respiratory rhythm in infants. The present study was aimed at investigating the influence of states of alertness on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) frequency, on NNS and respiration coordination, and on bursts of NNS frequency in newborn lambs. Six full term newborn lambs were instrumented for electroencephalogram, eye(More)
Respiratory function of the cricothyroid muscle (CT) is virtually unknown in the neonatal period. This study was aimed at assessing CT electrical activity (EMG) during respiration and central apneas in non-sedated lambs. Seven full-term and four preterm lambs were instrumented for polysomnographic recording, including EMG of the diaphragm, thyroarytenoid(More)
This study was aimed at validating the use of a custom-made wireless pulse oximeter in freely moving lambs, using radiotelemetry transmission. First, measurements obtained simultaneously using the new, wireless oximeter and a standard commercially-available pulse oximeter (Nonin 8500) were compared in five lambs during 5min episodes of normoxia, hypoxia and(More)
The upper airways exert an important influence on breathing from the fetal period onward. This review focuses on recent results obtained in the newborn, particularly on laryngeal function in the lamb. Cumulated data can be summarized as follows. Firstly, upper airway closure, either at the pharyngeal or laryngeal level, is now known to occur during central(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the different states of alertness on 1) nonnutritive swallowing (NNS) frequency, 2) the relationship between NNS and the respiratory cycle, and 3) the association of NNS with spontaneous apneas. Recordings of sleep states, diaphragm and laryngeal constrictor electrical activity, nasal flow,(More)
The syndrome of combined pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema (CPFE) in adults has not been previously associated with mutations of the surfactant protein-C (SFTPC) gene. A 32-year-old woman, never smoker, presented with dyspnoea and dry cough, 3 days after a caesarean delivery. Physical examination revealed finger clubbing and bilateral basal crackles. There(More)
BACKGROUND Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) in children represent a heterogeneous group of rare respiratory disorders that affect the lung parenchyma. After the launch of the French Reference Centre for Rare Lung Diseases (RespiRare®), we created a national network and a web-linked database to collect data on pediatric ILD. METHODS Since 2008, the(More)
Although endoscopic studies in adult humans have suggested that laryngeal closure can limit alveolar ventilation during nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV), there are no available data regarding glottal muscle activity during nIPPV. In addition, laryngeal behavior during nIPPV has not been investigated in neonates. The aim of the(More)
Our laboratory previously reported that active glottal closure was present in 90% of spontaneous central apneas in premature lambs while maintaining a high-apneic lung volume (Renolleau S, Letourneau P, Niyonsenga T, and Praud JP. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 159: 1396-1404, 1999.) The present study aimed at testing whether this mechanism limits postapnea(More)