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The ECFS-CTN Standardisation Committee has undertaken this review of lung clearance index as part of the group's work on evaluation of clinical endpoints with regard to their use in multicentre clinical trials in CF. The aims were 1) to review the literature on reliability, validity and responsiveness of LCI in patients with CF, 2) to gain consensus of the(More)
The upper airways exert an important influence on breathing from the fetal period onward. This review focuses on recent results obtained in the newborn, particularly on laryngeal function in the lamb. Cumulated data can be summarized as follows. Firstly, upper airway closure, either at the pharyngeal or laryngeal level, is now known to occur during central(More)
BACKGROUND Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare cause of alveolar hemorrhage in children and its pathophysiology remains obscure. Classically, diagnosis is based on a triad including hemoptysis, diffuse parenchymal infiltrates on chest X-rays, and iron-deficiency anemia. We present the French pediatric cohort of IPH collected through the(More)
QUESTION : Can a session of exercise with incorporated expiratory manoeuvres substitute for a session of breathing techniques for airway clearance in children with cystic fibrosis? Are children with cystic fibrosis as co-operative and satisfied with the exercise regimen as with the breathing techniques?. DESIGN Randomised, cross-over trial with concealed(More)
RATIONALE The diagnosis of cystic fibrosis (CF) is based on a characteristic clinical picture in association with a sweat chloride (Cl(-)) concentration greater than 60 mmol/L or the identification of two CF-causing mutations. A challenging problem is the significant number of children for whom no definitive diagnosis is possible because they present with(More)
The present study was aimed at investigating the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP; 6 cmH2O) or intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV; 10/4 cmH2O) on nonnutritive swallowing (NNS) and on the coordination between NNS and phases of the respiratory cycle, while taking into account the potential effects of states of(More)
Swallowing is a powerful inhibitor of respiratory rhythm in infants. The present study was aimed at investigating the influence of states of alertness on non-nutritive swallowing (NNS) frequency, on NNS and respiration coordination, and on bursts of NNS frequency in newborn lambs. Six full term newborn lambs were instrumented for electroencephalogram, eye(More)
The aim of the present study was to assess the effects of the different states of alertness on 1) nonnutritive swallowing (NNS) frequency, 2) the relationship between NNS and the respiratory cycle, and 3) the association of NNS with spontaneous apneas. Recordings of sleep states, diaphragm and laryngeal constrictor electrical activity, nasal flow,(More)
Our laboratory previously reported that active glottal closure was present in 90% of spontaneous central apneas in premature lambs while maintaining a high-apneic lung volume (Renolleau S, Letourneau P, Niyonsenga T, and Praud JP. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 159: 1396-1404, 1999.) The present study aimed at testing whether this mechanism limits postapnea(More)
Although endoscopic studies in adult humans have suggested that laryngeal closure can limit alveolar ventilation during nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (nIPPV), there are no available data regarding glottal muscle activity during nIPPV. In addition, laryngeal behavior during nIPPV has not been investigated in neonates. The aim of the(More)