Philippe Raymond

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The changes in the intermediary metabolism of plant cells were quantified according to growth conditions at three different stages of the growth cycle of tomato cell suspension. Eighteen fluxes of central metabolism were calculated from (13)C enrichments after near steady-state labeling by a metabolic model similar to that described in Dieuaide-Noubhani et(More)
 Early fruit development in tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) proceeds from two distinct phases of growth, essentially cell division and cell expansion. In this study, we investigated the expression characteristics of the key cell-cycle regulators, mitotic and G1 cyclins, during tomato fruit development. We isolated six genes designated Lyces;CycA1;1,(More)
In order to isolate glucose-starvation-related cDNAs in maize (Zea mays L.) root tips, a cDNA library was constructed with poly(A)+ mRNA from 24 h starved root tips. After differential screening of the library, we isolated six different cDNAs (named pZSS2 and pZSS7) which were expressed during glucose starvation. Time course analysis revealed that maximum(More)
In plants, sugars are the main respiratory substrates and important signaling molecules in the regulation of carbon metabolism. Sugar signaling studies suggested that sugar sensing involves several key components, among them hexokinase (HXK). Although the sensing mechanism of HXK is unknown, several experiments support the hypothesis that hexose(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is a signaling and defense molecule of major importance in living organisms. In the model legume Medicago truncatula, NO production has been detected in the nitrogen fixation zone of the nodule, but the systems responsible for its synthesis are yet unknown and its role in symbiosis is far from being elucidated. In this work, using(More)
In order to understand the role of sucrose synthase (SuSy) in carbon partitioning, metabolic fluxes were analyzed in maize root tips of a double mutant of SuSy genes, sh1 sus1 and the corresponding wild type, W22. [U-(14)C]-glucose pulse labeling experiments permitted the quantification of unidirectional fluxes into sucrose, starch and cell wall(More)
Substrate cycles, also called "futile" cycles, are ubiquitous and lead to a net consumption of ATP which, in the normoxic maize root, have been estimated at about 50% of the total ATP produced [Alonso, A.P., Vigeolas, H., Raymond, P., Rolin, D., Dieuaide-Noubhani, M., 2005. A new substrate cycle in plants. Evidence for a high glucose-phosphate-to-glucose(More)
Excised maize (Zea mays L.) root tips were used to monitor the effects of prolonged glucose starvation on nitrogen metabolism. Following root-tip excision, sugar content was rapidly exhausted, and protein content declined to 40 and 8% of its initial value after 96 and 192 h, respectively. During starvation the contents of free amino acids changed. Amino(More)
The effects of cadmium (Cd) on cellular proteolytic responses were investigated in the roots and leaves of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L., var Ibiza) plants. Three-week-old plants were grown for 3 and 10 days in the presence of 0.3–300 μM Cd and compared to control plants grown in the absence of Cd. Roots of Cd treated plants accumulated four to fivefold(More)
The 20S proteasome (multicatalytic proteinase) was purified from maize (Zea mays L. cv DEA 1992) roots through a five-step procedure. After biochemical characterization, it was shown to be similar to most eukaryotic proteasomes. We investigated the involvement of the 20S proteasome in the response to carbon starvation in excised maize root tips. Using(More)