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OBJECTIVES This study was designed to investigate whether nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide 3-phosphate (reduced form) (NADPH) oxidase is expressed in the human heart and whether it contributes to reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in heart failure. BACKGROUND A phagocyte-type NADPH oxidase complex is a major source of ROS in the vasculature and is(More)
OBJECTIVE Caveolins, the structural proteins of caveolae, modulate numerous signaling pathways including Nitric Oxide (NO) production. Among the caveolin family, caveolin-1 and -3 are mainly expressed in endothelial and muscle cells, respectively. In this study, we investigate whether (i) changes in caveolin abundance and/or distribution occur during(More)
In this study, we investigated the in vivo effects of red wine polyphenol compounds (RWPC) in rats that were submitted to middle cerebral occlusion as an experimental model of stroke. Male Wistar rats were given RWPC [30 mg/(kg x d) dissolved in drinking water] or water for 1 wk before being subjected to transient middle cerebral artery occlusion followed(More)
Experimental data suggest that nitric oxide (NO) generated from neuronal NO synthase (nNOS) modulates the myocardial inotropic state. To assess the contribution of NO, derived from endothelial and neuronal isoforms, to the pathophysiology of congestive heart failure in human beings, we compared expression, localisation, and specific activity of NOS isoforms(More)
BACKGROUND An emerging concept is that a neuronal isoform of nitric oxide synthase (NOS1) may regulate myocardial contractility. However, a role for NOS1-derived nitric oxide (NO) in heart failure (HF) has not been defined. METHODS AND RESULTS Using a model of myocardial infarction-induced HF, we demonstrated that cardiac NOS1 expression and activity(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) has been implicated in the development of heart failure, although the source, significance, and functional role of the different NO synthase (NOS) isoforms in this pathology are controversial. The presence of a neuronal-type NOS isoform (NOS1) in the cardiac sarcoplasmic reticulum has been recently discovered, leading to the hypothesis(More)
In animal models, tissue stem cells were proposed to exhibit an unexpected level of plasticity, although issues on cell fusions have lead to some controversies. Only transplantation experiments using genetically distinct recipients and donors can unequivocally show these changes in cell fate. We have analyzed oral squamous cell carcinomas arising in 8(More)
BACKGROUND Skeletal muscle failure and wasting are manifestations of sepsis in humans that leads to serious and prolonged complications. The authors investigated the role of the major proinflammatory and antiinflammatory pathways, namely the inducible isoforms cyclooxygenase (COX-2) and heme oxygenase (HO-1), and the ubiquitin proteolytic pathway in(More)
Membrane lipid composition is a major determinant of cell excitability. In this study, we assessed the role of membrane cholesterol composition in the distribution and function of Kv1.5-based channels in rat cardiac membranes. In isolated rat atrial myocytes, the application of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MCD), an agent that depletes membrane cholesterol,(More)
Th17 cells have never been explored in human graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We studied the correlation between the presence of Th17 cells with histologic and clinical parameters. We first analyzed a cohort of 40 patients with GVHD of the gastrointestinal tract. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), TNF receptors, and Fas expression, and apoptotic cells,(More)