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Smartcards are the most secure portable computing device today. They have been used successfully in applications involving money, and proprietary and personal data (such as banking, healthcare, insurance, etc.). As smartcards get more powerful (with 32-bit CPU and more than 1 MB of stable memory in the next versions) and become multi-application, the need(More)
Databases are hosted by a growing number of lightweight intelligent devices like palmtops, cellular phones, car computers and even smart cards. Mobility and disconnected computing are two major issues in such environment. This paper deals with the way databases can be exploited in this context while maintaining a strong transactional coherency. More(More)
Smartcards are the most secure portable computing device today. They have been used successfully in applications involving money, proprietary and personal data (such as banking, healthcare, insurance, etc.). As smartcards get more powerful (with 32 bit CPU and more than 1 MB of stable memory in the next versions) and become multi-application, the need for(More)
Discovery of association rules is an important problem in Data Mining. The classical approach is to generate all itemsets that have support (i.e., the fraction of transactions containing the itemset) above a user given threshold. Most existing algorithms aim at reducing the number of scans over the transaction database, i.e., the I/O overhead. We consider(More)
NAND Flash has become the most popular stable storage medium for embedded systems. As on-board storage capacity increases, the need for efficient indexing techniques arises. Such techniques are very challenging to design due to a combination of NAND Flash constraints (for example the block-erase-before-page-rewrite constraint and limited number of erase(More)
HAL is a multidisciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. L'archive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt età la diffusion(More)
Pervasive computing introduces data management requirements that must be tackled in a growing variety of lightweight computing devices. Personal folders on chip, networks of sensors and data hosted by autonomous mobile computers are different illustrations of the need for evaluating queries confined in hardware constrained computing devices. RAM is the most(More)
With the emergence of XML as the de facto standard to exchange and disseminate information, the problem of regulating access to XML documents has attracted a considerable attention in recent years. Existing models attach authorizations to nodes of an XML document but disregard relationships between them. However, ancestor and sibling relationships may(More)
An increasing amount of personal data is automatically gathered and stored on servers by administrations, hospitals, insurance companies, etc. Citizen themselves often count on internet companies to store their data and make them reliable and highly available through the internet. However, these benefits must be weighed against privacy risks incurred by(More)