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An expert working group of the European Association for Palliative Care has revised and updated its guidelines on the use of morphine in the management of cancer pain. The revised recommendations presented here give guidance on the use of morphine and the alternative strong opioid analgesics which have been introduced in many parts of the world in recent(More)
Statins are inhibitors of the rate-limiting enzyme in cholesterol synthesis, 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase. In addition to reducing LDL cholesterol, statin treatment increases the levels of the antiatherogenic HDL and its major apolipoprotein apoA-I. Here, we investigated the molecular mechanisms of apoA-I regulation by statins.(More)
BACKGROUND The scavenger receptors are cell-surface receptors for native and modified lipoproteins that play a critical role in the accumulation of lipids by macrophages. CLA-1/SR-BI binds HDL with high affinity and is involved in the cholesterol reverse-transport pathway. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors(More)
Strong opioids are recommended for treating severe cancer pain in the advanced stages of the disease. Few data are available concerning the efficacy of buprenorphine in cancer pain. We compared transdermal buprenorphine 70 microg/h (BUP TDS) to placebo in an enriched design study. Opioid-tolerant patients with cancer pain requiring strong opioids in the(More)
BACKGROUND In humans, fibrates are frequently used normolipidemic drugs. Fibrates act by regulating genes involved in lipoprotein metabolism via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) in liver. In rodents, however, fibrates induce a peroxisome proliferation, leading to hepatomegaly and possibly hepatocarcinogenesis.(More)
Fibrates and glitazones are two classes of drugs currently used in the treatment of dyslipidemia and insulin resistance (IR), respectively. Whereas glitazones are insulin sensitizers acting via activation of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) gamma subtype, fibrates exert their lipid-lowering activity via PPARalpha. To determine whether(More)
An Expert Working Group was convened under the auspices of the Steering Committee of the Research Network of the European Association of Palliative Care to review the status of the use of pain measurement tools (PMTs) in palliative care research conducted in a multilingual-multicenter setting. Based on a literature review and on the experts' opinion, the(More)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha controls the expression of genes involved in lipid metabolism. PPAR-alpha furthermore participates to maintain blood glucose during acute metabolic stress, as shown in PPAR-alpha-null mice, which develop severe hypoglycemia when fasted. Here, we assessed a potential role for PPAR-alpha in glucose(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this trial was to study the effects of fenofibrate (FF) and gemfibrozil (GF), the most commonly used fibrates, on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I. METHODS AND RESULTS In a head-to-head double-blind clinical trial, both FF and GF decreased triglycerides and increased HDL cholesterol levels to a similar(More)
Only a few results are available on the size of human milk fat globules (MFG), despite its significance regarding fat digestion in the infant, and no data are available at <24 h postpartum (PP). We measured the MFG size distribution in colostrum and transitional human milk in comparison with fat globules of mature milk and infant formula. Colostrum and(More)