Philippe Poulain

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An expert working group of the European Association for Palliative Care has revised and updated its guidelines on the use of morphine in the management of cancer pain. The revised recommendations presented here give guidance on the use of morphine and the alternative strong opioid analgesics which have been introduced in many parts of the world in recent(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this trial was to study the effects of fenofibrate (FF) and gemfibrozil (GF), the most commonly used fibrates, on high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and apolipoprotein (apo) A-I. METHODS AND RESULTS In a head-to-head double-blind clinical trial, both FF and GF decreased triglycerides and increased HDL cholesterol levels to a similar(More)
Morphine given by injection is the standard by which all other strong analgesics are measured, but when given orally in single doses it is a poor analgesic. With repeated oral administration it becomes very effective and it may be that on repeated dosage active metabolites, particularly morphine-6-glucuronide, account for much of the analgesic activity.(More)
To assess the contribution of pharmacological tolerance to increasing doses of morphine, 29 cancer patients requiring oral morphine to treat pain were studied by two teams working independently. The first team assessed physical impairment, pain intensity and pain treatment. The second team assessed depressive disorders (DSM III criteria), emotional and(More)
The bioavailability of oral controlled release morphine tablets (MST, Napp Laboratories) and oral morphine sulphate in aqueous solution (MSS) was compared in 10 patients with advanced cancer. Serum samples were analysed for morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide (M3G) and morphine-6-glucuronide (M6G) using a specific HPLC assay. The relative bioavailability of(More)
Meal frequency and duration of overnight fast: a role in gallstone formation? Supersaturation of bile with cholesterol is a necessary condition for the formation of cholesterol gall stones.' Most normal people have lithogenic bile after an overnight fast,2 and short-term fasting is associated with a decreased rate of biliary bile-acid secretion and an(More)