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Two large-scale yeast two-hybrid screens were undertaken to identify protein-protein interactions between full-length open reading frames predicted from the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome sequence. In one approach, we constructed a protein array of about 6,000 yeast transformants, with each transformant expressing one of the open reading frames as a fusion(More)
Drosophila melanogaster is a proven model system for many aspects of human biology. Here we present a two-hybrid-based protein-interaction map of the fly proteome. A total of 10,623 predicted transcripts were isolated and screened against standard and normalized complementary DNA libraries to produce a draft map of 7048 proteins and 20,405 interactions. A(More)
RNA-protein interactions are pivotal in fundamental cellular processes such as translation, mRNA processing, early development, and infection by RNA viruses. However, in spite of the central importance of these interactions, few approaches are available to analyze them rapidly in vivo. We describe a yeast genetic method to detect and analyze RNA-protein(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The colonic microflora is involved in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease (CD) but less than 30% of the microflora can be cultured. We investigated potential differences in the faecal microflora between patients with colonic CD in remission (n=9), patients with active colonic CD (n=8), and healthy volunteers (n=16) using culture(More)
A decrease in the abundance and biodiversity of intestinal bacteria within the dominant phylum Firmicutes has been observed repeatedly in Crohn disease (CD) patients. In this study, we determined the composition of the mucosa-associated microbiota of CD patients at the time of surgical resection and 6 months later using FISH analysis. We found that a(More)
To investigate the population structure of the predominant phylogenetic groups within the human adult fecal microbiota, a new oligonucleotide probe designated S-G-Clept-1240-a-A-18 was designed, validated, and used with a set of five 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes. Application of the six probes to fecal samples from 27 human adults showed(More)
OBJECTIVES Genetically modified lactic acid bacteria may be a way to deliver vaccinal epitopes in the gastrointestinal tract. AIM Three strains of lactic acid bacteria were studied for their pharmacokinetics in the human gastrointestinal tract. METHODS The survival of the strains was studied up to the ileum in six subjects each, after ingestion of 150 g(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae there are five nuclear MutS homologs that act in two distinct processes. MSH2, 3, and 6 function in mismatch repair in both vegetative and meiotic cells, whereas MSH4 and MSH5 act specifically to facilitate crossovers between homologs during meiosis. Coimmunoprecipitation as well as two-hybrid experiments indicate that(More)
Short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides (SC-FOS) are a mixture of oligosaccharides consisting of glucose linked to fructose units (Gfn; n = </= 4), which are not digested in the human small intestine but are fermented in the colon where they specifically promote the growth of bifidobacteria. In healthy volunteers, we assessed the tolerance and the threshold(More)
The composition of the human cecal microbiota is poorly known because of sampling difficulties. Samples of cecal fluid from eight subjects were collected via an intestinal tube. Feces were also collected. Total anaerobes, facultative anaerobes, bifidobacteria, and Bacteroides were enumerated by culture methods, and the predominant phylogenetic groups were(More)