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BACKGROUND Previous trials have shown that among high-risk patients with aortic stenosis, survival rates are similar with transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) and surgical aortic-valve replacement. We evaluated the two procedures in a randomized trial involving intermediate-risk patients. METHODS We randomly assigned 2032 intermediate-risk(More)
AIMS Very few data exist on the occurrence of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The objectives of the present study were (i) to determine the incidence, predictive factors, and prognostic value of AKI following TAVI, and (ii) to compare the occurrence of AKI in TAVI vs. surgical aortic valve(More)
There is currently substantial confusion between the conceptual definition of the metabolic syndrome and the clinical screening parameters and cut-off values proposed by various organizations (NCEP-ATP III, IDF, WHO, etc) to identify individuals with the metabolic syndrome. Although it is clear that in vivo insulin resistance is a key abnormality associated(More)
BACKGROUND The prosthesis used for aortic valve replacement (AVR) can be too small in relation to body size, thus causing valve prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) and abnormally high transvalvular pressure gradients. This study examined if there is a relation between PPM and short-term mortality after operation. METHODS AND RESULTS The indexed valve(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with severe aortic stenosis and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) have a poor prognosis with conservative therapy but a high operative mortality when treated surgically. Recently, transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) has emerged as an alternative to surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) for patients(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the predictive factors and prognostic value of new-onset persistent left bundle branch block (LBBB) in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with a balloon-expandable valve. BACKGROUND The predictors of persistent (vs. transient or absent) LBBB after TAVI with a balloon-expandable valve and its(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine to what extent systemic arterial compliance (SAC) might impact on afterload and left ventricular (LV) function in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND Although AS and reduced SAC may often coexist in the same patient, their relative impact on LV function is not well understood. METHODS Systemic arterial(More)
Premenopausal women may be most vulnerable to acute coronary syndromes at a point in their menstrual cycle when their plasma estrogen levels are the lowest during and immediately after menstruation. Metoprolol is a first-line drug in the management of patients with acute coronary syndrome; however, when metoprolol was marketed in 1982, women were largely(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies and current clinical observations suggest that some patients with severe aortic stenosis on the basis of aortic valve area may paradoxically have a relatively low gradient despite the presence of a preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. The objective of the present study was to document the prevalence, potential(More)
BACKGROUND The prognosis and treatment of patients with low-flow (LF) severe aortic stenosis are controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS The Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) trial randomized patients with severe aortic stenosis to medical management versus transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR; inoperable cohort) and surgical aortic(More)