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—The identification and classification of the spine deformity play an important role when considering surgical planning for adolescent patients with idiopathic scoliosis. The subject of this article is the Lenke classification of scoliotic spines using Cobb angle measurements. The purpose is twofold: (1) design a rule-based diagram to assist clinicians in(More)
BACKGROUND The Risser sign can be assessed with the United States method or the European method. The Tanner-Whitehouse method estimates skeletal age on the basis of hand radiography and digital skeletal age. Digital skeletal age scores between 400 and 425 are associated with the beginning of the curve acceleration phase or peak growth velocity in adolescent(More)
Surgical instrumentation for the Adolescent idio-pathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex procedure involving many difficult decisions. Selection of the appropriate fusion level remains one of the most challenging decisions in scoliosis surgery. Currently, the Lenke classification model is generally followed in surgical planning. The purpose of our study is to(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The rs11190870 single nucleotide polymorphism in the 3'-flanking region of the LBX1 gene has been implicated in the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). A thorough appraisal of the evidence supporting this association has not been previously attempted. PURPOSE To provide a comprehensive assessment and synthesis of the(More)
PURPOSE A single nucleotide polymorphism in the promoter region of the estrogen receptor alpha gene (ESR1), rs9340799, has been linked with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) in several association studies with limited sample size and inconsistent findings. A systematic review can provide a comprehensive appraisal of literature evidence and a(More)
PURPOSE Surgical instrumentation for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex procedure where selection of the appropriate curve segment to fuse, i.e., fusion region, is a challenging decision in scoliosis surgery. Currently, the Lenke classification model is used for fusion region evaluation and surgical planning. Retrospective evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Variability in surgical strategies for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been demonstrated despite the existence of classifications to guide selection of AIS curves to include in fusion. Decision trees and rule-based algorithms have demonstrated their potential to improve reliability of AIS classification because of their(More)
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a complex spinal deformity whose assessment and treatment present many challenges. Computer applications have been developed to assist clinicians. A literature review on computer applications used in AIS evaluation and treatment has been undertaken. The algorithms used, their accuracy and clinical usability were(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Variability in classifying and selecting levels of fusion in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) has been repeatedly documented. Several computer algorithms have been used to classify AIS based on the geometrical features, but none have attempted to analyze its treatment patterns. PURPOSE To use self-organizing maps (SOM), a kind of(More)
BACKGROUND Physicians have consistently shown poor adverse-event reporting practices in the literature and yet they have the clinical acumen to properly stratify and appraise these events. The Spine Adverse Events Severity System (SAVES) and Orthopaedic Surgical Adverse Events Severity System (OrthoSAVES) are standardized assessment tools designed to record(More)