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Paraoxonase is a high-density-lipoprotein-associated enzyme capable of hydrolysing lipid peroxides. Thus it might protect lipoproteins from oxidation. It has two isoforms, which arise from a glutamine (A isoform) to arginine (B isoform) interchange at position 192. The relevance of this polymorphism to coronary heart disease (CHD) in non-insulin-dependent(More)
Paraoxonase was identified as a genetic risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) in recent studies focusing on a polymorphism affecting position 191. A second polymorphism of the paraoxonase gene affects position 54 and involves a methionine (M allele) to leucine (L allele) change. It was investigated in diabetic patients (n = 408) with and without(More)
Estimates and projections suggest an epidemic expansion of diabetes incidence and prevalence in Europe. To evaluate trends in type 1 and type 2 diabetes in seven European countries (Finland, Denmark, the UK, Germany, France, Spain, and Italy), a variety of information is available, including population-based studies on small or large cohorts of subjects(More)
Mutations in glucokinase are associated with defects in insulin secretion and hepatic glycogen synthesis resulting in mild chronic hyperglycaemia, impaired glucose tolerance or diabetes mellitus. We screened members of 35 families with features of maturity-onset diabetes of the young for mutations in the glucokinase gene and found 16 different mutations.(More)
Diabetic nephropathy is a glomerular disease due to uncontrolled diabetes and genetic factors. It can be caused by glomerular hypertension produced by capillary vasodilation, due to diabetes, against constitutional glomerular resistance. As angiotensin II increases glomerular pressure, we studied the relationship between genetic polymorphisms in the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a low dose of the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor ramipril lowers cardiovascular and renal events in patients with type 2 diabetes who have microalbuminuria or proteinuria. DESIGN Randomised, double blind, parallel group trial comparing ramipril (1.25 mg/day) with placebo (on top of usual treatment) for(More)
To assess the effect of Glipizide on glycaemic control and peripheral insulin sensitivity, 9 type 1 (insulin dependent) diabetic patients with normal BMI, mean age 42.1 +/- 11.0 years, diabetes duration 16.3 +/- 9.2 years were studied. They were treated by continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion for a mean duration of 32.2 +/- 11.0 months, they were in(More)
The recommended method for assessing long-term blood glucose control in diabetic patients is the measurement of glycated haemoglobin (Hb). The Ames DCA 2000 system for assaying glycated Hb uses an immunoassay with a monoclonal antibody specific for an aminoacid sequence within the HblAc molecule. This study compared the performance of the DCA 2000 system(More)