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Autoimmune inner ear disease is a treatable cause of sensorineural hearing loss and it is important for physicians and hearing health professionals to recognize that early diagnosis and proper management strategies may result in stabilization and improvement in hearing. The pathogenesis of autoimmune sensorineural hearing loss remains unclear but antibodies(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if high-dose delivery of methylprednisolone to the round window can improve hearing after the failure of conventional treatment for sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSHL). In 6 patients with SSHL an Intraear microcatheter was placed in the round window niche and methylprednisolone (62.5 mg/ml) was infused at a rate(More)
Developing cochleovestibular ganglion (CVG) neurons depend upon interaction with the otocyst, their peripheral target tissue, for both trophic support and tropic guidance. RT-PCR of E11 through E14 otocyst-CVG RNA extracts have shown that NGF as well as BDNF and NT-3 are expressed in the developing inner ear (in situ RT-PCR on tissue sections of E12(More)
Hair cell (HC) and supporting cell (SC) productions are completed during early embryonic development of the mammalian cochlea. This study shows that acutely dissociated cells from the newborn rat organ of Corti, developed into so-called otospheres consisting of 98% nestin (+) cells when plated on a non-adherent substratum in the presence of either epidermal(More)
OBJECTIVES First, to assess for the performance of the Carina placed on the round window at various European centers; second, to study the follow-up after 2 years and discuss limitations and technical issues; and finally, to further develop our understanding of the principles of acoustic transfer through the round window. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eleven(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effect of transtympanic administration of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) blockers to patients suffering from autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED). STUDY DESIGN Nonrandomized, prospective pilot study. SETTING Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS 9 patients (4 men and 5 women; aged 51.22 +/- 13.11 years) presenting with(More)
The organ of Corti is highly ordered, with a single row of inner hair cells and three rows of outer hair cells. The number of hair cells produced was thought to be limited by the time of their terminal mitosis (i.e. E14 in the mouse). However, exogenous application of retinoic acid has been shown to stimulate the formation of supernumerary hair cells in(More)
The development of experimental animal models has played an invaluable role in understanding the mechanisms of neurosensory deafness and in devising effective treatments. The purpose of this study was to develop an adult mouse model of ototoxic drug-induced hearing loss and to compare the ototoxicity in the adult mouse to that in the well-described guinea(More)
This paper will focus on understanding the role and action of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and reactive nitrogen species (RNS) in the molecular and biochemical pathways responsible for the regulation of the survival of hair cells and spiral ganglion neurons in the auditory portion of the inner ear. The pivotal role of ROS/RNS in ototoxicity makes them(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a class of small non-coding endogenous RNAs that downregulate gene expression by binding to 3' untranslated region (UTR) of target messenger RNAs. Although they have been found to regulate developmental and physiological processes in several organs and tissues, their role in the regulation of the inner ear transcriptome remains(More)