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Destruction of auditory hair cells results in a subsequent loss of auditory neurons. In situ hybridization and neuronal cell culture studies as well as analyses of the inner ears of neurotrophin and neurotrophin receptor gene knockout mice have shown that NT-3 and BDNF mediate both the development and survival of auditory neurons. In this study guinea pigs(More)
During the first week of postnatal development, the innervation of the organ of Corti changes from an immature to an adult pattern. Dissociated cell cultures of early postnatal spiral ganglia were used to investigate the effects of nerve growth factor (NGF), brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) on maturing auditory neurones.(More)
Developing cochleovestibular ganglion (CVG) neurons depend upon interaction with the otocyst, their peripheral target tissue, for both trophic support and tropic guidance. RT-PCR of E11 through E14 otocyst-CVG RNA extracts have shown that NGF as well as BDNF and NT-3 are expressed in the developing inner ear (in situ RT-PCR on tissue sections of E12(More)
Apoptosis is an important process, both for normal development of the inner ear and for removal of oxidative-stress damaged sensory cells from the cochlea. Oxidative-stressors of auditory sensory cells include: loss of trophic factor support, ischemia-reperfusion, and ototoxins. Loss of trophic factor support and cisplatin ototoxicity, both initiate the(More)
This study evaluates the trophic effects of three neurotrophins on traumatized adult auditory neurons in culture, and the presence of these neurotrophins in cochlear nucleus tissue. BDNF and NT-3 promoted survival but very limited neuritogenesis by adult auditory neurons in vitro, while NGF, although without a survival effect, evoked a robust neuritic(More)
In contrast to the central nervous system (CNS), the peripheral nervous system (PNS) displays an important regenerative ability which is dependent, at least in part, on Schwann cell properties. The mechanisms which stimulate Schwann cells to adapt their behavior after a lesion to generate adequate conditions for PNS regeneration remain unknown. In this(More)
Auditory hair cells produce trophic factors that directly affect maturation and survival of auditory neurons. These factors include two members of the neurotrophin family: brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3). Loss of hair cells, as a result of either noise trauma or ototoxic damage, results in the degeneration of auditory(More)
Hair cell (HC) and supporting cell (SC) productions are completed during early embryonic development of the mammalian cochlea. This study shows that acutely dissociated cells from the newborn rat organ of Corti, developed into so-called otospheres consisting of 98% nestin (+) cells when plated on a non-adherent substratum in the presence of either epidermal(More)
CONFOCAL analysis of early postnatal auditory neurones in a bicompartmental culture system was used to test for chemoattractant properties of NGF, BDNF and NT-3 on neuronal process outgrowth. NT-3 exerted a strong tropic effect on neuritic outgrowth from auditory neurones in this system. BDNF and NGF did not have any tropic activity that directed processes(More)
The organ of Corti is highly ordered, with a single row of inner hair cells and three rows of outer hair cells. The number of hair cells produced was thought to be limited by the time of their terminal mitosis (i.e. E14 in the mouse). However, exogenous application of retinoic acid has been shown to stimulate the formation of supernumerary hair cells in(More)