Philippe Merloz

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Clinical evaluation of a computer assisted spine surgical system is presented. Eighty pedicle screws were inserted using computer assisted technology in thoracic and lumbar vertebrae for treatment of different types of disorders including fractures, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. Fifty-two patients with severe fractures, spondylolisthesis, or(More)
BACKGROUND Poor outcome in anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is often related to tunnel position. HYPOTHESIS Improving accuracy of the tunnel position will lead to improved outcome. STUDY DESIGN Randomized controlled trial; Level of evidence, 1. METHODS Sixty patients were randomized to either standard instrumentation or computer-assisted(More)
The variability in width, height, and spatial orientation of a spinal pedicle makes pedicle screw insertion a delicate operation. The aim of the current paper is to describe a computer-assisted surgical navigation system based on fluoroscopic X-ray image calibration and three-dimensional optical localizers in order to reduce radiation exposure while(More)
The computer-assisted spine surgery system presented in this paper follows the basic ideas which have been developed for computer-assisted medical interventions (CAMI) in our lab since 1985. There are three steps to insert a linear tool inside vertebral pedicles. First, the surgeon defines an optimal trajectory on pre-operative computed tomography. Second,(More)
When inserting screws into a vertebral pedicle, the surgeon usually exposes the back part of the vertebra and uses his or her anatomic knowledge to align the drill in the proper direction. A slight error in direction may result in an important error in the position of the tip of the screw. This is done with no direct visibility of crucial structures (spinal(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The purpose of this study was to analyze lesions to the lumbosacral plexus related to pelvic injury and its treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-four patients presented 50 posterior osteoligamentary lesions of the pelvic girdle. All patients except eight had other injuries. Mean ISS was 27/75. Posterior lesions were: iliosacral(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical outcome of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is mainly determined by the accuracy of the surgical procedure itself. To improve the final result, one must take into account (a) the alignment of the prosthesis with respect to the mechanical axis, and (b) the balance of the soft tissues. Therefore, morphologic data (such as the shape of(More)
INTRODUCTION Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction should be anatomic while achieving favorable anisometric behavior to avoid impingement with the femoral notch. Computerization enables these biomechanical conditions to be optimally fulfilled; but what of anatomic positioning? The present study compared the positioning of tibial and femoral(More)
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Standard methodology is lacking for evaluating the accuracy of surgical navigation systems. The purpose of the present study was to propose a new approach to error measurements of an image-free navigation system used for total hip arthroplasty. MATERIAL AND METHODS This new approach evaluates the overall accuracy of the system and(More)
INTRODUCTION One percent of falls in over-75 years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini(More)