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Clinical evaluation of a computer assisted spine surgical system is presented. Eighty pedicle screws were inserted using computer assisted technology in thoracic and lumbar vertebrae for treatment of different types of disorders including fractures, spondylolisthesis, and scoliosis. Fifty-two patients with severe fractures, spondylolisthesis, or(More)
The computer-assisted spine surgery system presented in this paper follows the basic ideas which have been developed for computer-assisted medical interventions (CAMI) in our lab since 1985. There are three steps to insert a linear tool inside vertebral pedicles. First, the surgeon defines an optimal trajectory on pre-operative computed tomography. Second,(More)
INTRODUCTION One percent of falls in over-75 years old cause hip fracture (HF). Protein-energy malnutrition (PEM) is associated with falls and fracture. PEM screening and perioperative nutritional management are recommended by the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, yet data on nutritional status in elderly HF patients are sparse. The Mini(More)
OBJECTIVE The clinical outcome of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is mainly determined by the accuracy of the surgical procedure itself. To improve the final result, one must take into account (a) the alignment of the prosthesis with respect to the mechanical axis, and (b) the balance of the soft tissues. Therefore, morphologic data (such as the shape of(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study is to evaluate the clinical and radiological outcomes of hemiepiphysiodesis with a single medial staple of the proximal tibia in idiopathic genu valgum angular correction. METHODS A retrospective review was performed identifying nine adolescents (18 knees) treated for idiopathic adolescent genu valgum by means of a(More)
INTRODUCTION Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction should be anatomic while achieving favorable anisometric behavior to avoid impingement with the femoral notch. Computerization enables these biomechanical conditions to be optimally fulfilled; but what of anatomic positioning? The present study compared the positioning of tibial and femoral(More)
The variability in width, height, and spatial orientation of a spinal pedicle makes pedicle screw insertion a delicate operation. The aim of the current paper is to describe a computer-assisted surgical navigation system based on fluoroscopic X-ray image calibration and three-dimensional optical localizers in order to reduce radiation exposure while(More)
INTRODUCTION The treatment of posttraumatic diaphyseal bone defects (BD) calls on a number of techniques including bone transport techniques: isolated shortening, compression-distraction at the fracture site, shortening followed by lengthening in a corticotomy distant from the site and segmental bone transport. PATIENTS AND METHODS The multicenter(More)
When inserting screws into a vertebral pedicle, the surgeon usually exposes the back part of the vertebra and uses his or her anatomic knowledge to align the drill in the proper direction. A slight error in direction may result in an important error in the position of the tip of the screw. This is done with no direct visibility of crucial structures (spinal(More)
A computer assisted technique of iliosacral screw placement that is applicable to unstable pelvic ring fractures is proposed. The goals are to operate noninvasively with a percutaneous procedure to decrease the complications of surgical exposure and to provide greater accuracy in locating the close neurovascular structures. Preoperative computed tomographic(More)