Philippe Lopes

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The purpose of this study was to implement a new method for assessing the ventilatory thresholds from heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. ECG, VO2, VCO2, and VE were collected from eleven well-trained subjects during an incremental exhaustive test performed on a cycle ergometer. The "Short-Term Fourier Transform" analysis was applied to RR time series to(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is an inborn neuromuscular disorder caused by low levels of survival motor neuron protein, and for which no efficient therapy exists. Here, we show that the slower rate of postnatal motor-unit maturation observed in type 2 SMA-like mice is correlated with the motor neuron death. Physical exercise delays motor neuron death and(More)
We investigated the effect of exercise on heart rate variability by analysing the heart rate power spectrum prior to, and 1 and 72 h following, an interval training session. Subjects initially performed a graded test to exhaustion to determine maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2) max) and the running speed at which VO(2) max was first attained (vVO(2) max). The(More)
Several studies using transgenic mouse models of familial amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) have reported a life span increase in exercised animals, as long as animals are submitted to a moderate-intensity training protocol. However, the neuroprotective potential of exercise is still questionable. To gain further insight into the cellular basis of the(More)
The present study examined whether the ventilatory thresholds during an incremental exhaustive running test could be determined using heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. Beat-to-beat RR interval, V(.-)O (2), V(.-)CO (2) and V(.-) (E) of twelve professional soccer players were collected during an incremental test performed on a track until exhaustion. The(More)
Coronary heart disease is a multifactorial disease and it remains the most common cause of death in many countries. Heart rate variability has been used for non-invasive measurement of parasympathetic activity and prediction of cardiac death. Patterns of heart rate variability associated with respiratory sinus arrhythmia have recently been considered as(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), a recessive neurodegenerative disease, is characterized by the selective loss of spinal motor neurons. No available therapy exists for SMA, which represents one of the leading genetic causes of death in childhood. SMA is caused by a mutation of the survival-of-motor-neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, leading to a quantitative defect in the(More)
RR intervals of ten elite trotting horses were recorded during an interval training session performed on track. This study examined two hypotheses. Firstly, like in humans, the hyperpnea combined with a decrease in cardiac autonomic control on heart rate during heavy exercise could result in a prevalence of high frequency heart rate variability. Secondly,(More)
Halorubrum sp. SSR was isolated from a solar saltern in Algeria. The strain exhibited a high antibiotic activity against the indicator strain Natronorubrum aibiense G23, and the bioactive compound showed thermal, acid and alkali stability. SSR was grown on agar-supported cultivation (AgSF) to compare yields and applicability with traditional submerged(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), the leading genetic cause of death in infants worldwide, is due to the misexpression of the survival of motor neuron protein, causing death of motor neurons. Several clinical symptoms suggested that, in addition to motor neurons, the autonomic nervous systems could be implicated in the cardiac function alterations observed in(More)