Philippe Levesque

Learn More
A direct current (DC) endogenous electric field (EF) is induced in the wound following skin injury. It is potentially implicated in the wound healing process by attracting cells and altering their phenotypes as indicated by the response to an EF of keratinocytes cultured as individual cells. To better define the signalization induced by a direct current(More)
Normal human epidermis possesses a transepithelial potential (TEP) that varies in different parts of the body (10–60mV). The role of TEP in normal epidermis is not yet identified; but after skin injury, TEP disruption induces an endogenous direct current electric field (100–200mV/mm) directed toward the middle of the wound. This endogenous electric field(More)
A fully hardware-based real-time digital wideband quadrature demodulation processor based on the Hilbert transform is proposed to process ultrasound radio frequency signals. The presented architecture combines 2 finite impulse response (FIR) filters to process in-phase and quadrature signals and includes a piecewise linear approximation architecture that(More)
Skin is a major source of secretion of the neurotrophic factors nerve growth factor (NGF), brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), and glial-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) controlling cutaneous sensory innervation. Beside their neuronal contribution, we hypothesized that neurotrophic factors also modulate the cutaneous(More)
There is a clinical need for a functional tissue-engineered blood vessel because small-caliber arterial graft (<5 mm) applications are limited by the availability of suitable autologous vessels and suboptimal performances of synthetic grafts. This study presents an analysis of the mechanical properties of tissue-engineered vascular constructs produced using(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the possibility of constructing a fully autologous tissue-engineered tubular genitourinary graft (TTGG) and to determine its mechanical and physiological properties. Dermal fibroblasts (DFs) were expanded and cultured in vitro with sodium ascorbate to form fibroblast sheets. The sheets were then wrapped around a tubular(More)
A complete hardware-based ultrasound preprocessing unit (PPU) is presented as an alternative to available power-hungry devices. Intended to expand the ultrasonic applications, the proposed unit allows replacement of the cable of the ultrasonic probe by a wireless link to transfer data from the probe to a remote monitor. The digital back-end architecture of(More)
A real-time, low-power digital quadrature demodulator is proposed to process ultrasound radio frequency signals in both pulse and continuous modes. Two finite impulse response filters are combined to build a Hilbert transform and a linear approximation architecture that allows achieving the required square root operations of quadrature demodulator. The(More)
Bioreactors have been widely acknowledged as valuable tools to provide a growth environment for engineering tissues and to investigate the effect of physical forces on cells and cell-scaffold constructs. However, evaluation of the bioreactor environment during culture is critical to defining outcomes. In this study, the performance of a hydrostatic force(More)
  • 1